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Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2012, Article ID 429021, 7 pages
Research Article

One-Step Synthesis of Hollow Titanate (Sr/Ba) Ceramic Fibers for Detoxification of Nerve Agents

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore (NUS), 2 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117584
2King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
3Intsitute of Materials Research and Engineering, Singapore 117602

Received 31 January 2012; Accepted 14 August 2012

Academic Editor: John A. Capobianco

Copyright © 2012 Satya R. Agarwal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone)(PVP)/(strontium/barium acetate)/titanium isopropoxide composite fibers were prepared by electrospinning technique via sol-gel process. Diameters of fibers prepared by calcinations of PVP composite fibers were 80–140 nm (solid) and 1.2-2.2 μm (hollow fibers prepared by core-shell method). These fibers were characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analytical techniques. XRD results showed better crystalline nature of the materials when calcined at higher temperatures. SEM and TEM results clearly showed the formation of hollow submicrometer tubes. The surface area of the samples determined by BET analysis indicated that hollow fibers have ~20% higher surface area than solid fibers. The UV studies indicate better detoxification properties of the hollow fibers compared to solid fibers.