Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2015, Article ID 128072, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/128072
Research Article

Solvent-Free MgO-Functionalized Mesoporous Catalysts for Jatropha Oil Transesterification

1Chemical and Mining Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Technology, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35131, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2School of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, Seri Ampangan, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
3Chemistry Department, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35065, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Received 9 January 2015; Accepted 20 May 2015

Academic Editor: E. Goldys

Copyright © 2015 Anamagreth Andrew et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Yanagisawa, T. Shimizu, K. Kuroda, and C. Kato, “The preparation of alkyltrimethylammonium-kanemite complexes and their conversion to microporous materials,” Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 988–992, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Fröba, F. Hoffmann, M. Cornelius, and J. Morell, “Silica-based mesoporous organic-inorganic hybrid materials,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 45, no. 20, pp. 3216–3251, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Taguchi and F. Schüth, “Ordered mesoporous materials in catalysis,” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 1–45, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Schüth, A. Wingen, and J. Sauer, “Oxide loaded ordered mesoporous oxides for catalytic applications,” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, vol. 44-45, no. 1, pp. 465–476, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Sauer, F. Marlow, B. Spliethoff, and F. Schüth, “Rare earth oxide coating of the walls of SBA-15,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 217–224, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. M. Wang, Z. Ying Wu, and J. H. Zhu, “Surface functionalization of SBA-15 by the solvent-free method,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 177, no. 10, pp. 3815–3823, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. T. Wong, H. P. Lin, and C. Y. Mou, “In-situ study of MCM-41-supported iron oxide catalysts by XANES and EXAFS,” Applied Catalalysis A, vol. 198, no. 1, pp. 103–115, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. P. van der Voort, M. Mathieu, E. F. Vansant, S. N. R. Rao, and M. G. White, “Molecular dispersions of metal complexes within microporous solids: an alternative way to prepare supported MOx catalysts,” Journal of Porous Materials, vol. 5, no. 3-4, pp. 305–316, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Thoret, P. P. Man, E. Duprey, and J. Fraissard, “Interaction and solid-state reaction between manganese chloride tetrahydrate and Y zeolites (NaY or LaNaY),” Journal of the Chemical Society—Faraday Transactions, vol. 94, no. 18, pp. 2867–2870, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. A. Bagshaw, E. Prouzet, and T. J. Pinnavaia, “Templating of mesoporous molecular sieves by nonionic polyethylene oxide surfactants,” Science, vol. 269, no. 5228, pp. 1242–1244, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H.-P. Lin and C.-Y. Mou, “Tubules-within-a-tubule hierarchical order of mesoporous molecular sieves in MCM-41,” Science, vol. 273, no. 5276, pp. 765–768, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. Li and V. Rudolph, “Transesterification of vegetable oil to biodiesel over MgO-functionalized mesoporous catalysts,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 145–149, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. A. Solovyov, V. I. Zaikovskii, A. N. Shmakov, O. V. Belousov, and R. Ryoo, “Framework characterization of mesostructured carbon CMK-1 by X-ray powder diffraction and electron microscopy,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 106, no. 47, pp. 12198–12202, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Eckhardt, E. Ortel, J. Polte et al., “Micelle-templated mesoporous films of magnesium carbonate and magnesium oxide,” Advanced Materials, vol. 24, no. 23, pp. 3115–3119, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. F. B. Hamad, E. B. Mubofu, and Y. M. M. Makame, “Wet oxidation of maleic acid by copper (II) Schiff base catalysts prepared using cashew nut shell liquid templates,” Catalysis Science and Technology, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 444–452, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Brambilla, C. Radtke, J. H. Z. dos Santos, and M. S. L. Miranda, “Silica-magnesia mixed oxides prepared by a modified Stöber route: Structural and textural aspects,” Powder Technology, vol. 198, no. 3, pp. 337–346, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. M. Berquier, L. Teyssedre, and C. Jacquiod, “Synthesis of transparent mesoporous and mesostructured thin silica films,” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, vol. 13, no. 1–3, pp. 739–742, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. H. Hameed, L. F. Lai, and L. H. Chin, “Production of biodiesel from palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) using heterogeneous catalyst: an optimized process,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 606–610, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Takahashi, S. Sato, T. Sodesawa, M. Kawakita, and K. Ogura, “High surface-area silica with controlled pore size prepared from nanocomposite of silica and citric acid,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 104, no. 51, pp. 12184–12191, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. Jiang, D. Wu, J. Song et al., “Synthesis and characterization of mesoporous ZrMCM-48 molecular sieves with good thermal and hydrothermal stability,” Powder Technology, vol. 207, no. 1–3, pp. 422–427, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. S. Yuan, J. Zeng, J. Chen, and Y. Liu, “Highly ordered mesoporous carbon synthesized via in situ template for supercapacitors,” International Journal of Electrochemical Science, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 562–570, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. Xu, D. I. Enache, R. Lloyd, D. W. Knight, J. K. Bartley, and G. J. Hutchings, “Mgo catalysed triglyceride transesterification for biodiesel synthesis,” Catalysis Letters, vol. 138, no. 1-2, pp. 1–7, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. Alemdaroglu, “Determination methods for the acidity of solid surfaces,” Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara B, vol. 47, pp. 27–35, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  24. K. G. Georgogianni, A. K. Katsoulidis, P. J. Pomonis, G. Manos, and M. G. Kontominas, “Transesterification of rapeseed oil for the production of biodiesel using homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 90, no. 7-8, pp. 1016–1022, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus