Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2016, Article ID 5375939, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5375939
Research Article

Sol-Gel Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles: Preparation and Structural Characterization

1Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
2Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET) Center, King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia

Received 29 June 2016; Accepted 15 November 2016

Academic Editor: Paresh Chandra Ray

Copyright © 2016 Oon Lee Kang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Sharon, F. Modi, and M. Sharon, “Titania based nanocomposites as a photocatalyst: a review,” AIMS Materials Science, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1236–1254, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Mech, K. Mech, and K. Szaciłowski, “TiO2-anthraquinone hybrids: from quantum-chemical design to functional materials,” Journal of Materials Chemistry C, vol. 3, no. 16, pp. 4148–4155, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. O. L. Kang, A. Ahmad, N. H. Hassan, and U. A. Rana, “[MG49-LiClO4]:[TiO2-SiO2] polymer electrolytes: in situ preparation and characterization,” International Journal of Polymer Science, vol. 2016, Article ID 9838067, 10 pages, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. A. Di Paola, M. Bellardita, and L. Palmisano, “Brookite, the least known TiO2 photocatalyst,” Catalysts, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 36–73, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. A. Kandiel, A. Feldhoff, L. Robben, R. Dillert, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Tailored titanium dioxide nanomaterials: anatase nanoparticles and brookite nanorods as highly active photocatalysts,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 2050–2060, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. Laskova, M. Zukalova, A. Zukal, M. Bousa, and L. Kavan, “Capacitive contribution to Li-storage in TiO2 (B) and TiO2 (anatase),” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 246, pp. 103–109, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Fresno, R. Portela, S. Suárez, and J. M. Coronado, “Photocatalytic materials: recent achievements and near future trends,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 2863–2884, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. Sabyrov, N. D. Burrows, and R. L. Penn, “Size-dependent anatase to rutile phase transformation and particle growth,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1408–1415, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F. De Angelis, C. Di Valentin, S. Fantacci, A. Vittadini, and A. Selloni, “Theoretical studies on anatase and less common TiO2 phases: bulk, surfaces, and nanomaterials,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 114, no. 19, pp. 9708–9753, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Fujishima, X. Zhang, and D. A. Tryk, “TiO2 photocatalysis and related surface phenomena,” Surface Science Reports, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 515–582, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Blanco, J. M. González-Leal, and M. Ramírez-del Solar, “Photocatalytic TiO2 sol-gel thin films: optical and morphological characterization,” Solar Energy, vol. 122, pp. 11–23, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Ciriminna, A. Fidalgo, V. Pandarus, F. Béland, L. M. Ilharco, and M. Pagliaro, “The sol-gel route to advanced silica-based materials and recent applications,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 113, no. 8, pp. 6592–6620, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. A. Van Hensbergen, M. Liu, R. P. Burford, and A. B. Lowe, “Simultaneous ROMP and titania sol-gel reactions and nanodispersed functional organic-inorganic composite hybrid materials,” Journal of Materials Chemistry C, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 693–702, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. K. Patil, S. Shaikh, and G. Ibram, “Recent advances on TiO2 thin film based photocatalytic applications (a review),” Current Nanoscience, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 271–285, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Laurent, D. Forge, M. Port et al., “Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: synthesis, stabilization, vectorization, physicochemical characterizations and biological applications,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 108, no. 6, pp. 2064–2110, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Babu, M. Rottereau, T. Nicolai, J. C. Gimel, and D. Durand, “Flocculation and percolation in reversible cluster-cluster aggregation,” European Physical Journal E, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 203–211, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. Raliya, P. Biswas, and J. C. Tarafdar, “TiO2 nanoparticle biosynthesis and its physiological effect on mung bean (Vigna radiata L.),” Biotechnology Reports, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 22–26, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Giesz, G. Celichowski, D. Puchowicz et al., “Microwave-assisted TiO2: anatase formation on cotton and viscose fabric surfaces,” Cellulose, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 2143–2159, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. B. Gilbert, H. Zhang, F. Huang, M. P. Finnegan, G. A. Waychunas, and J. F. Banfield, “Special phase transformation and crystal growth pathways observed in nanoparticles,” Geochemical Transactions, vol. 4, pp. 20–27, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus