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Journal of Oncology
Volume 2011, Article ID 974125, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/974125
Clinical Study

Thyroid Nodules in Children: A Single Institution's Experience

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, 111 Michigan Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20010, USA

Received 1 June 2011; Revised 11 August 2011; Accepted 13 August 2011

Academic Editor: David Ball

Copyright © 2011 Nini Khozeimeh and Cynthia Gingalewski. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Thyroid nodules in children are uncommon but often present an increased risk of malignancy in comparison to their adult counterpart. Multiple diagnostic modalities are frequently employed to characterize these nodules including ultrasound, radionuclide scans, fine needle aspiration (FNA), thyroid function tests, and evaluation of patient demographics. We chose to evaluate if any of these modalities influence treatment or signify a tendency for a nodule to represent a malignant lesion. A retrospective review of patients <21 years of age who underwent partial or total thyroidectomy from 2004 to 2009 was performed (IRB no. 4695). Other than an FNA indicating a malignancy, there does not appear to be any value to extensive preoperative imaging, nor can patient risk be stratified based upon age. We conclude that there is minimal utility in an extensive preoperative workup in a child with a thyroid nodule.