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Journal of Oncology
Volume 2017, Article ID 6827384, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6827384
Research Article

Trends in the Incidence of Cervical Cancer in Jordan, 2000–2013

1Field Epidemiology Training Program, Non-Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Health, Amman, Jordan
2Jordan Cancer Registry, Ministry of Health, Amman, Jordan
3Department of Public Health, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan
4Jordan University, Amman, Jordan
5Department of Nutrition, Royal Medical Services, Amman, Jordan
6Department of Family Medicine, Ministry of Health, Amman, Jordan

Correspondence should be addressed to Ghazi Sharkas; moc.oohay@sakrahsizahg

Received 28 January 2017; Revised 14 July 2017; Accepted 30 July 2017; Published 27 August 2017

Academic Editor: Akira Hara

Copyright © 2017 Ghazi Sharkas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To determine the incidence of cervical cancer in Jordan and assess its trend in over a 14-year period (2000–2013). Methods. This descriptive study was based on secondary analysis of cervical cancer data that are registered in the Jordan Cancer Registry (JCR). Results. A total of 591 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer in Jordan during the period 2000–2013. The age at diagnosis ranged between 15 and 97 years, with a median of 50 years. The average age standardized rate (ASR) was 2.0/100,000 women. The incidence of cervical cancer started to decrease after 2006 but it remained relatively constant between 2008 and 2013. Over the 14-year period, ASR for cervical cancer decreased by 28.6% from 2.1 per 100,000 women in 2000 to 1.5 per 100,000 women in 2013. About 46.5% of the cases were of squamous cell carcinoma morphology. Early cancer constituted about 60% of the cases, regional cases constituted 9.6%, and distant metastatic cases constituted 10.7%. Conclusions. The incidence of cervical cancer in Jordan is low compared to regional estimates and remained relatively constant between 2008 and 2013. Implementation of screening measures could lead to better case finding, early diagnosis, and prevention of cervical cancer.