Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2010, Article ID 371950, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/371950
Research Article

Feeding Regulates the Expression of Pancreatic Genes in Gastric Mucosa

Functional Genomics Laboratory, CREMOGH, CRCHUQ, and Department of Molecular Medicine, Laval University, 2705 Boulevard Laurier, Quebec city, QC, Canada G1V 4G2

Received 5 September 2010; Revised 19 November 2010; Accepted 23 November 2010

Academic Editor: Xu Feng Huang

Copyright © 2010 Maria Rita De Giorgio et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Taubes, “Insulin resistance. Prosperity's plague,” Science, vol. 325, no. 256, p. 260, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  2. S. K. Kumanyika, “Minisymposium on obesity: overview and some strategic considerations,” Annual Review of Public Health, vol. 22, pp. 293–308, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. M. Apovian, “The causes, prevalence, and treatment of obesity revisited in 2009: what have we learned so far?” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 277S–279S, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. J. Havel, “Peripheral signals conveying metabolic information to the brain: short-term and long-term regulation of food intake and energy homeostasis,” Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol. 226, no. 11, pp. 963–977, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. E. Blundell and J. I. Macdiarmid, “Fat as a risk factor for overconsumption: satiation, satiety, and patterns of eating,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 97, no. 7, pp. S63–S69, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. J. Karhunen, K. R. Juvonen, A. Huotari, A. K. Purhonen, and K. H. Herzig, “Effect of protein, fat, carbohydrate and fibre on gastrointestinal peptide release in humans,” Regulatory Peptides, vol. 149, no. 1–3, pp. 70–78, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. G. Murphy and S. R. Bloom, “Gut hormones and the regulation of energy homeostasis,” Nature, vol. 444, no. 7121, pp. 854–859, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. K. Chelikani, A. C. Haver, and R. D. Reidelberger, “Ghrelin attenuates the inhibitory effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 and peptide YY(3–36) on food intake and gastric emptying in rats,” Diabetes, vol. 55, no. 11, pp. 3038–3046, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. E. Barrett, Gastrointestinal Physiology, Lange Medical Books/McGraw Hill, 2006.
  10. J. Saliba, J. Wattacheril, and N. N. Abumrad, “Endocrine and metabolic response to gastric bypass,” Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 515–521, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. Foschi, M. Lazzaroni, O. Sangaletti, F. Corsi, E. Trabucchi, and G. Bianchi Porro, “Effects of intramural administration of Botulinum Toxin A on gastric emptying and eating capacity in obese patients,” Digestive and Liver Disease, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 667–672, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Dinel, C. Bolduc, P. Belleau et al., “Reproducibility, bioinformatic analysis and power of the SAGE method to evaluate changes in transcriptome,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 33, no. 3, p. e26, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Yoshioka, C. Bolduc, V. Raymond, and J. St-Amand, “High-fat meal-induced changes in the duodenum mucosa transcriptome,” Obesity, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2302–2307, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. R. De Giorgio, M. Yoshioka, and J. St-Amand, “Feeding induced changes in the hypothalamic transcriptome,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 406, no. 1-2, pp. 103–107, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. St-Amand, K. Okamura, K. Matsumoto, S. Shimizu, and Y. Sogawa, “Characterization of control and immobilized skeletal muscle: an overview from genetic engineering,” FASEB Journal, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 684–692, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. D. Adams, A. R. Kerlavage, R. D. Fleischmann et al., “Initial assessment of human gene diversity and expression patterns based upon 83 million nucleotides of cDNA sequence,” Nature, vol. 377, no. 6547, pp. 3–17, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. V. Luu-The, N. Paquet, E. Calvo, and J. Cumps, “Improved real-time RT-PCR method for high-throughput measurements using second derivative calculation and double correction,” Biotechniques, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 287–293, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. E. Lash, C. M. Tolstoshev, L. Wagner et al., “SAGEmap: a public gene expression resource,” Genome Research, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1051–1060, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. Terada, Y. Kitamura, K. Ashida et al., “Expression of pancreatic digestive enzymes in normal and pathologic epithelial cells of the human gastrointestinal system,” Virchows Archiv, vol. 431, no. 3, pp. 195–203, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. G. Moore, P. E. Christian, and J. A. Brown, “Influence of meal weight and caloric content on gastric emptying of meals in man,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 513–519, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. O. Wisen, P. M. Hellstrom, and C. Johanssn, “Meal energy density as a determinant of postprandial gastrointestinal adaptation in man,” Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 737–743, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. S. Malinowski, “Nutritional and metabolic complications of bariatric surgery,” American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 331, no. 4, pp. 219–225, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Ham and J. D. Kaunitz, “Gastroduodenal mucosal defense,” Current Opinion in Gastroenterology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 665–673, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. X. Li, LU. Cai, and W. Feng, “Diabetes and metallothionein,” Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 761–768, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Formigari, P. Irato, and A. Santon, “Zinc, antioxidant systems and metallothionein in metal mediated-apoptosis: biochemical and cytochemical aspects,” Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C, vol. 146, no. 4, pp. 443–459, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. Rokutan, “Role of heat shock proteins in gastric mucosal protection,” Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 15, pp. D12–D19, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. Steel, J. P. Doherty, K. Buzzard, N. Clemons, C. J. Hawkins, and R. L. Anderson, “Hsp72 inhibits apoptosis upstream of the mitochondria and not through interactions with Apaf-1,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 279, no. 49, pp. 51490–51499, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. Solda, N. Garbi, G. J. Hämmerling, and M. Molinari, “Consequences of ERp57 deletion on oxidative folding of obligate and facultative clients of the calnexin cycle,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 281, no. 10, pp. 6219–6226, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. Panaretakis, N. Joza, N. Modjtahedi et al., “The co-translocation of ERp57 and calreticulin determines the immunogenicity of cell death,” Cell Death and Differentiation, vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1499–1509, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Lipkin, “Proliferation and differentiation of gastrointestinal cells,” Physiological Reviews, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 891–915, 1973. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. Thorleifsson, G. B. Walters, D. F. Gudbjartsson et al., “Genome-wide association yields new sequence variants at seven loci that associate with measures of obesity,” Nature Genetics, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 18–24, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Y. Zhou, L. Jiang, and L. Rui, “Identification of MUP1 as a regulator for glucose and lipid metabolism in mice,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 284, no. 17, pp. 11152–11159, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. X. Hui, W. Zhu, YU. Wang et al., “Major urinary protein-1 increases energy expenditure and improves glucose intolerance through enhancing mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle of diabetic mice,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 284, no. 21, pp. 14050–14057, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. E. Di Cera, “Serine proteases,” IUBMB Life, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 510–515, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. Chao, G. Bledsoe, H. Yin, and L. Chao, “The tissue kallikrein-kinin system protects against cardiovascular and renal diseases and ischemic stroke independently of blood pressure reduction,” Biological Chemistry, vol. 387, no. 6, pp. 665–675, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. K. Nakayama, “Furin: a mammalian subtilisin/Kex2p-like endoprotease involved in processing of a wide variety of precursor proteins,” Biochemical Journal, vol. 327, no. 3, pp. 625–635, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. A. Mori, R. C. Araujo, F. C. G. Reis et al., “Kinin B receptor deficiency leads to leptin hypersensitivity and resistance to obesity,” Diabetes, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1491–1500, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. Pizard, C. Richer, N. Bouby et al., “Genetic deficiency in tissue kallikrein activity in mouse and man: effect on arteries, heart and kidney,” Biological Chemistry, vol. 389, no. 6, pp. 701–706, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. N. Scamuffa, F. Calvo, M. Chrétien, N. G. Seidah, and A. M. Khatib, “Proprotein convertases: lessons from knockouts,” FASEB Journal, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1954–1963, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. S. Kovac, A. Shulkes, and G. S. Baldwin, “Peptide processing and biology in human disease,” Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 79–85, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus