Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2011, Article ID 578106, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/578106
Research Article

Ability of Different Measures of Adiposity to Identify High Metabolic Risk in Adolescents

1Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa 91, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
2Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Technology of Porto, IPP, Portugal

Received 21 March 2011; Revised 13 May 2011; Accepted 16 May 2011

Academic Editor: Gianluca Iacobellis

Copyright © 2011 Carla Moreira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. S. Freedman, L. K. Khan, W. H. Dietz, S. R. Srinivasan, and G. S. Berenson, “Relationship of childhood obesity to coronary heart disease risk factors in adulthood: the Bogalusa heart study,” Pediatrics, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 712–718, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Kelishadi, “Childhood overweight, obesity, and the metabolic syndrome in developing countries,” Epidemiologic Reviews, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 62–76, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Cook, P. Auinger, C. Li, and E. S. Ford, “Metabolic syndrome rates in united states adolescents, from the national health and nutrition examination survey, 1999–2002,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 152, no. 2, pp. 165–170.e2, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. M. Saland, “Update on the metabolic syndrome in children,” Current Opinion in Pediatrics, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 183–191, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Hara, E. Saitou, F. Iwata, T. Okada, and K. Harada, “Waist-to-height ratio is the best predictor of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Japanese schoolchildren,” Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 127–132, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. P. Gelber, J. M. Gaziano, E. J. Orav, J. E. Manson, J. E. Buring, and T. Kurth, “Measures of obesity and cardiovascular risk among men and women,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 605–615, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. N. Mattsson, T. Rönnemaa, M. Juonala, J. S. A. Viikari, and O. T. Raitakari, “Childhood predictors of the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study,” Annals of Medicine, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 542–552, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. Moreira, R. Santos, S. Vale et al., “Metabolic syndrome and physical fitness in a sample of Azorean adolescents,” Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 443–449, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T Lohman, A Roche, and F Martorell, Eds., Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual, Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill, USA, 1991.
  10. J. M. Tanner and R. H. Whitehouse, “Clinical longitudinal standards for height, weight, height velocity, weight velocity, and stages of puberty,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 170–179, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. P. Castelli, “Cholesterol and lipids in the risk of coronary artery disease. The Framingham Heart Study,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 4, pp. 5A–10A, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. R. Matthews, J. P. Hosker, and A. S. Rudenski, “Homeostasis model assessment: insulin resistance and β-cell function from fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in man,” Diabetologia, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 412–419, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  13. L. B. Andersen, M. Harro, L. B. Sardinha et al., “Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular risk in children: a cross-sectional study (The European Youth Heart Study),” Lancet, vol. 368, no. 9532, pp. 299–304, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Jung, N. Fischer, M. Fritzenwanger, and H. R. Figulla, “Anthropometric indices as predictors of the metabolic syndrome and its components in adolescents,” Pediatrics International, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 402–409, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. WHO, “Obesity: Preventing and managing the global epidemic: report of a WHO consultation,” World Health Organization - Technical Report Series, pp. 1–253, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  16. T. J. Cole, M. C. Bellizzi, K. M. Flegal, and W. H. Dietz, “Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey,” British Medical Journal, vol. 320, no. 7244, pp. 1240–1243, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. Maffeis, A. Pietrobelli, A. Grezzani, S. Provera, and L. Tatò, “Waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors in prepubertal children,” Obesity Research, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 179–187, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Soto González, D. Bellido, M. M. Buño et al., “Predictors of the metabolic syndrome and correlation with computed axial tomography,” Nutrition, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 36–45, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Ashwell, “Waist to height ratio and the Ashwell® shape chart could predict the health risks of obesity in adults and children in all ethnic groups,” Nutrition and Food Science, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 359–364, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Nambiar, I. Hughes, and P. S. Davies, “Developing waist-to-height ratio cut-offs to define overweight and obesity in children and adolescents,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1566–1574, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. C. Savva, M. Tornaritis, M. E. Savva et al., “Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio are better predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children than body mass index,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 1453–1458, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  22. D. S. Freedman, M. K. Serdula, S. R. Srinivasan, and G. S. Berenson, “Relation of circumferences and skinfold thicknesses to lipid and insulin concentrations in children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 308–317, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus