Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2012, Article ID 287939, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/287939
Research Article

Body Mass Index and Hospital Mortality in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Receiving Care in a University Hospital

1Cardiology Service, Joan XXIII University Hospital of Tarragona IISPV, University Rovira Virgili, Calle Dr Mallafré Guash 4, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
2Education and Pathological Anatomy Units, Verge de la Cinta Hospital of Tortosa, Spain

Received 27 January 2012; Revised 20 June 2012; Accepted 20 June 2012

Academic Editor: Jack A. Yanovski

Copyright © 2012 Mercedes Camprubi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Although obesity is a well-established cardiovascular risk factor, some controversy has arisen with regard to its effect on hospital mortality in patients admitted for acute coronary syndrome. Methods. Clinical and anthropometric variables were analyzed in patients consecutively admitted for acute coronary syndrome to a university hospital between 2009 and 2010, and the correlation of those variables with hospital mortality was examined. Results. A total of 824 patients with a diagnosis of myocardial infarction or unstable angina were analyzed. Body mass index was an independent factor in hospital mortality (odds ratio 0.739 (IC 95%: 0 . 5 9 7 0 . 9 1 6 ), 𝑃 = 0 . 0 0 6 ). Mortality in normal weight ( 𝑛 = 2 1 8 ) , overweight ( 𝑛 = 3 9 9 ) , and obese ( 𝑛 = 1 7 2 ) subjects was 6.1%, 3.1%, and 4.1%, respectively, with no statistically significant differences between the groups. Conclusions. There is something of a paradox in the relationship between body mass index and hospital mortality in patients with acute coronary syndrome in that the mortality rate decreases as body mass index increases. However, no statistically significant differences have been found in normal weight, overweight, or obese subjects.