Journal of Obesity / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Psychosocial Factors of Different Health Behaviour Patterns in Adolescents: Association with Overweight and Weight Control Behaviours

Table 2

Differences between clusters for each psychosocial variable.

Cluster center
Active gamersaHealthy groupbSedentary groupc

Variables 𝑀 𝑀 𝑀 𝑑 𝑓 𝐹

Age14.7a14.8b15.0c216.8*** a < c ; b < c
BMI20.5a21.0b20.9c24.8** a < b ; a < c
Self-regulation0.06a0.13b−0.22c233.6*** a > c ; b > c
Motivation0.02a0.17b−0.15c228.7*** b > a > c
Body satisfaction0.07a0.07b−0.13c211.1*** a > c ; b > c
Unhealthy weight cont.0.09a−0.08b−0.07c24.4* a > b
Healthy weight control−0.10a0.16b−0.14c233.0*** a < b ; b > c
Life satisfaction7.28a7.44b6.88c228.1*** a > c ; b > c
Happiness0.05a0.07b−0.11c210.0*** a > c ; b > c
Psychological symptoms0.84a0.83b1.07c221.5*** a < c ; b < c
Physical symptoms0.84a0.87b1.03c213.8*** a < c ; b < c
Health perception0.15a0.11b−0.22c240.6*** a > c ; b > c
Communication father0.42a0.13b−0.17c223.9*** a > c ; b > c
Communication mother−0.03a0.08b−0.06c25.6** b > c
Family relation feelings0.05a0.11b−0.10c212.4*** a > c ; b > c
Relation with classmates0.09a0.03b−0.15c29.7*** a > c ; b > c
Liking school−0.20a0.20b−0.02c237.5*** b > c > a
Academic achievement−0.06a0.20b−0.09c227.4*** a < b ; b > c

𝑃 < . 0 5 ; ** 𝑃 < . 0 0 1 ; *** 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 0 1 ; a, b, c and < > signals represent the significant differences between groups for 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 through Tukey post hoc test; communications with friends and autonomy support by teachers (n.s.).