Journal of Obesity / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Preliminary Efficacy of Group Medical Nutrition Therapy and Motivational Interviewing among Obese African American Women with Type 2 Diabetes: A Pilot Study

Table 2

Baseline participant characteristics ().

Demographic and clinical
Age—years (mean, SD)50.8 (6.3)
Income (%)
 <10,00034.8
 10,000–20,00017.4
 20,000–40,0008.7
 40,000–60,00013.0
 >60,0008.7
 No answer17.4
Employment (%)
 Work outside the home full-time43.4
 Work outside the home part-time8.6
 No job outside the home34.7
 Retired4.3
 Other (disabled; home business/self-employed)30.4
Marital status—single (%)37.5
Diabetes duration—years (median, IQR)6 (3.75, 12)
Vision problems (%)26.1
Numbness in feet or legs (%)50
Delayed gastric emptying (%)18.2

Dietary intake concerns
Reported the following as “most significant dietary issue” (%)
 Frequent cravings for unhealthy food or snacks36.4
 Not eating enough fruit13.6
 Eating too much31.8
 Not eating enough vegetables4.5
 Eating fried foods or other foods high in fat22.7
 Eating late at night31.8
 Other (not really knowing what to eat)4.5

Usual eating habits
Reported the following at least 1 time per day (%)
 Food restriction to lose weight30.4
 Overeat8.6
 Eat unplanned snacks8.7
 Eat to cope with negative feelings8.7
 Eat at restaurants (including fast food)4.3

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