Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 419724, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/419724
Research Article

Prognostic Value of Normal Stress Echocardiography in Obese Patients

Division of Cardiology, Medical College of Georgia, Georgia Regents University, 1120 15th Street, BBR 6518, Augusta, GA 30912-3105, USA

Received 6 March 2014; Revised 15 July 2014; Accepted 2 August 2014; Published 31 August 2014

Academic Editor: Eric Doucet

Copyright © 2014 Michele Murphy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. H. Mokdad, J. S. Marks, D. F. Stroup, and J. L. Gerberding, “Heart disease and stroke statistics—2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association,” Circulation, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. e18–e209, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  2. D. Poldermans, P. M. Fioretti, E. Boersma et al., “Long-term prognostic value of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography in 1737 patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease,” Circulation, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 757–762, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. Bedetti, E. M. Pasanisi, G. Tintori et al., “Stress echo in chest pain unit: The SPEED trial,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 461–467, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. I. Olmos, H. Dakik, R. Gordon et al., “Long-term prognostic value of exercise echocardiography compared with exercise 201Tl, ECG, and clinical variables in patients evaluated for coronary artery disease,” Circulation, vol. 98, no. 24, pp. 2679–2686, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. S. Gottdiener, “Overview of stress echocardiography: uses, advantages, and limitations,” Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 315–334, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. Biagini, A. Elhendy, J. J. Bax et al., “Seven-year follow-up after dobutamine stress echocardiography: impact of gender on prognosis,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 93–97, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Mesa, M. Falcone, A. Hernandez, R. F. Stainback, and S. Wilansky, “Long-term prognosis in women with normal Dobutamine stress echocardiography,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 83, no. 7, pp. 1127–1129, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. J. Shaw, C. Vasey, S. Sawada, C. Rimmerman, and T. H. Marwick, “Impact of gender on risk stratification by exercise and dobutamine stress echocardiography: long-term mortality in 4234 women and 6898 men,” The European Heart Journal, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 447–456, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. N. Dionisopoulos, J. D. Collins, S. C. Smart, T. A. Knickelbine, and K. B. Sagar, “The value of dobutamine stress echocardiography for the detection of coronary artery disease in women,” Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 811–817, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. M. Flegal, D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and C. L. Ogden, “Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999–2010,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 307, no. 5, pp. 491–497, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of obesity in the United States, 2009–2010,” NCHS Data Brief, no. 82, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Mora, L. R. Yanek, T. F. Moy, M. D. Fallin, L. C. Becker, and D. M. Becker, “Interaction of body mass index and framingham risk score in predicting incident coronary disease in families,” Circulation, vol. 111, no. 15, pp. 1871–1876, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. L. Hansen, S. Woodhouse, and M. Kramer, “Effect of patient obesity on the accuracy of thallium-201 myocardial perfusion imaging,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 749–752, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. L. Mulvagh, A. N. DeMaria, S. B. Feinstein et al., “Contrast echocardiography: Current and future applications,” Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 331–342, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Płońska, H. Szwed, Z. Gasior et al., “ECHO image quality of the left ventricle during dobutamine stress echocardiography,” Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski, vol. 8, no. 44, pp. 87–89, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Lerakis, A. P. Kalogeropoulos, M. F. El-Chami et al., “Transthoracic dobutamine stress echocardiography in patients undergoing bariatric surgery,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 1475–1481, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. WHO, Global Database on Body Mass Index, BMI Classification, 2006.
  18. R. B. McCully, V. L. Roger, D. W. Mahoney et al., “Outcome after normal exercise echocardiography and predictors of subsequent cardiac events: follow-up of 1,325 patients,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 144–149, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. M. Bourque and G. A. Beller, “Stress myocardial perfusion imaging for assessing prognosis: an update,” JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 1305–1319, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. W. P. Ingkanisorn, R. Y. Kwong, N. S. Bohme et al., “Prognosis of negative adenosine stress magnetic resonance in patients presenting to an emergency department with chest pain,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1427–1432, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. L. Schlett, D. Banerji, E. Siegel et al., “Prognostic value of CT angiography for major adverse cardiac events in patients with acute chest pain from the emergency department: 2-Year outcomes of the ROMICAT trial,” JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 481–491, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. H. McNulty, S. M. Ettinger, J. M. Field et al., “Cardiac catheterization in morbidly obese patients,” Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 174–177, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. A. Pellikka, S. F. Nagueh, A. A. Elhendy, C. A. Kuehl, and S. G. Sawada, “American Society of Echocardiography recommendations for performance, interpretation, and application of stress echocardiography,” Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1021–1041, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. R. Albers, M. Z. Krichavsky, and G. J. Balady, “Stress testing in patients with diabetes mellitus diagnostic and prognostic value,” Circulation, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 583–592, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. P. Davidson and J. R. Lindner, “Future applications of contrast echocardiography,” Heart, vol. 98, no. 3, pp. 246–253, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. J. Hu, S. X. Liu, H. A. Katus, and M. Luedde, “The value of contrast dobutamine stress echocardiography in detecting coronary artery disease in overweight and obese patients,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 885–889, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. V. Srivastava, K. Ananthasubramaniam, S. J. Patel, N. Lingam, and G. Jacobsen, “Prognostic implications of negative dobutamine stress echocardiography in African Americans compared to Caucasians,” Cardiovascular Ultrasound, vol. 6, article 20, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. D. H. Ryan and R. Kushner, “The state of obesity and obesity research,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 304, no. 16, pp. 1835–1836, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. X. Kang, D. S. Berman, H. C. Lewin et al., “Incremental prognostic value of myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography in patients with diabetes mellitus,” American Heart Journal, vol. 138, pp. 1025–1032, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Kamalesh, H. Feigenbaum, and S. Sawada, “Challenge of identifying patients with diabetes mellitus who are at low risk for coronary events by use of cardiac stress imaging,” The American Heart Journal, vol. 147, no. 4, pp. 561–563, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. Hachamovitch, S. Hayes, J. D. Friedman et al., “Determinants of risk and its temporal variation in patients with normal stress myocardial perfusion scans: what is the warranty period of a normal scan?” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1329–1340, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus