Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2014, Article ID 537242, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/537242
Research Article

Sexual Orientation Disparities in BMI among US Adolescents and Young Adults in Three Race/Ethnicity Groups

1Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
2Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
3Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA
4Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA

Received 16 December 2013; Revised 28 February 2014; Accepted 27 March 2014; Published 29 April 2014

Academic Editor: Rachel Annunziato

Copyright © 2014 Sabra L. Katz-Wise et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Koplan, C. Liverman, and V. Kraak, Eds., Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance, Institute of Medicine Committee on Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth, The National Academies Press, 2005.
  2. A. S. Singh, C. Mulder, J. W. R. Twisk, W. Van Mechelen, and M. J. M. Chinapaw, “Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 474–488, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. J. Kuczmarski, C. L. Ogden, S. S. Guo et al., “2000 CDC Growth Charts for the United States: methods and development,” Vital and health statistics. Series 11, Data from the National Health Survey, no. 246, pp. 1–190, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. B. Austin, N. J. Ziyadeh, H. L. Corliss et al., “Sexual orientation disparities in weight status in adolescence: findings from a prospective study,” Obesity, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1776–1782, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. J. Bowen, K. F. Balsam, and S. R. Ender, “A review of obesity issues in sexual minority women,” Obesity, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 221–228, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. N. P. Deputy and U. Boehmer, “Determinants of body weight among men of different sexual orientation,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 129–131, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. N. Deputy and U. Boehmer, “Weight status and sexual orientation: differences by age and within racial and ethnic subgroups,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 103–109, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  8. A. K. Yancey, S. D. Cochran, H. L. Corliss, and V. M. Mays, “Correlates of overweight and obesity among lesbian and bisexual women,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 676–683, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Austin, L. A. Nelson, M. A. Birkett, J. P. Calzo, and B. Everett, “Eating disorder symptoms and obesity at the intersections of gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation in US high school students,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 103, no. 2, pp. e16–e22, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  10. I. H. Meyer, “Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in Lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: conceptual issues and research evidence,” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 129, no. 5, pp. 674–697, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. F. Balsam, Y. Molina, B. Beadnell, J. Simoni, and K. Walters, “Measuring multiple minority stress: the LGBT people of color microaggressions scale,” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 163–174, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. B. Consolacion, S. T. Russell, and S. Sue, “Sex race/ethnicity, and romantic attractions: multiple minority status adolescents and mental health,” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 200–214, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. J. Russell and P. K. Keel, “Homosexuality as a specific risk factor for eating disorders in men,” International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 300–306, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Yean, E. M. Benau, C. A. Timko et al., “The relationship of sex and sexual orientation to self-esteem, body shape satisfaction, and eating disorder symptomatology,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 4, article 887, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  15. J. Calzo, H. L. Corliss, E. A. Blood, A. E. Field, and S. B. Austin, “Development of muscularity and weight concerns in heterosexual and sexual minority males,” Health Psychology, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 42–51, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. R. Whittemore, A. Chao, R. Popick, and M. Grey, “School-based internet obesity prevention programs for adolescents: a systematic literature review,” Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 49–62, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  17. R. Malhotra, T. Ostbye, C. M. Riley, and E. A. Finkelstein, “Young adult weight trajectories through midlife by body mass category,” Obesity, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1923–1934, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  18. K. Adams, M. F. Leitzmann, R. Ballard-Barbash et al., “Body mass and weight change in adults in relation to mortality risk,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 179, no. 2, pp. 135–144, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  19. S. B. Austin, N. J. Ziyadeh, H. L. Corliss et al., “Sexual orientation disparities in purging and binge eating from early to late adolescence,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 238–245, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Harris, “The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), Waves I & II, 1994–1996, Wave III, 2001–2002, Wave IV, 2007–2009,” Machine-Readable Data File and Documentation, Carolina Population Center, Chapel Hill, NC, USA, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  21. C. S. Berkey and G. A. Colditz, “Adiposity in adolescents: change in actual BMI works better than change in BMI z score for longitudinal studies,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 44–50, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. W. M. Hlaing, R. J. Prineas, Y. Zhu, and P. E. Leaverton, “Body mass index growth in a sample of U.S. children: repeated measures data analysis of the Minneapolis children's blood pressure study,” American Journal of Human Biology, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 821–831, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. S. Freedman, L. K. Khan, M. K. Serdula, W. H. Dietz, S. R. Srinivasan, and G. S. Berenson, “Racial differences in the tracking of childhood BMI to adulthood,” Obesity Research, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 928–935, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. E. Lee and R. Forthofer, “Conducting survey data analysis,” in Analyzing Complex Survey Data, pp. 49–78, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  25. T. K. Richmond, C. E. Walls, and S. Austin, “Sexual orientation and bias in self-reported Body Mass Index,” Obesity, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1703–1709, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. L. Katz-Wise and J. S. Hyde, “Victimization experiences of lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Sex Research, vol. 49, no. 2-3, pp. 142–167, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. M. Y. Freeman and K. M. Gil, “Daily stress, coping, and dietary restraint in binge eating,” International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 204–212, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Lehavot, “Coping strategies and health in a national sample of sexual minority women,” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 494–504, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  29. K. Green and B. Feinstein, “Substance use in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: an update on empirical research and implications for treatment,” Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 265–278, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  30. K. F. Balsam, T. P. Beauchaine, R. M. Mickey, and E. D. Rothblum, “Mental health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual siblings: effects of gender, sexual orientation, and family,” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 471–476, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus