Journal of Obesity / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Light to Moderate Alcohol Consumption Is Protective for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Normal Weight and Overweight Individuals but Not the Obese

Table 3

Multivariate relative risks (95% confidence interval) for new cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus in employed men and women, 1988–1990.

OverallNormalOverweightObese

Alcohol consumption
 None11.0 (Referent)1.01.01.0
 <5 g/day0.53 (0.34, 0.82)0.05 (0.01, 0.39)0.20 (0.07, 0.54)1.00 (0.58, 1.74)
 <20 g/day0.69 (0.43, 1.08)0.32 (0.10, 1.04) 0.43 (0.18, 1.03)1.08 (0.59, 1.98)
 ≥20 g/day0.80 (0.46, 1.37) 0.64 (0.17, 2.42)0.74 (0.30, 1.84)0.76 (0.33, 3.72)
 None21.0 (Referent)1.01.01.0
 <5 g/day0.60 (0.37, 0.96) 0.04 (0.01, 0.38) 0.30 (0.10, 0.86) 0.99 (0.55, 1.79)
 <20 g/day0.72 (0.43, 1.21)0.23 (0.06, 0.83) 0.60 (0.23, 1.60)0.93 (0.48, 1.82)
 ≥20 g/day0.63 (0.33, 1.19)0.31 (0.06, 1.62)1.15 (0.41, 3.27)0.36 (0.13, 1.01)

Adjusted for age, sex, and ethnicity.
2Adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, smoking habit, body mass index, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, hypertension, physical activity, and socioeconomic status.