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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 140139, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/140139
Clinical Study

Gender Differences in the Appetite Response to a Satiating Diet

1Institut sur la Nutrition et les Aliments Fonctionnels (INAF), Pavillon des Services, Université Laval, 2440 Boulevard Hochelaga, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6
2École de Nutrition, Pavillon Paul-Comtois, Université Laval, 2425 rue de l’Agriculture, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6
3Département de l’Éducation Physique, Pavillon de l’Éducation Physique et des Sports, Université Laval, 2300 rue de la Terrasse, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6
4Département d’Obstétrique et Gynécologie, Pavillon Ferdinand-Vandry, Université Laval, 1050 Avenue de la Médecine, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6

Received 16 May 2015; Revised 20 August 2015; Accepted 23 August 2015

Academic Editor: Aron Weller

Copyright © 2015 Alexandra Bédard et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We examined gender differences in appetite sensations when exposed to Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) meals and determined whether there are gender differences in the change in the satiating properties of the MedDiet over time. Thirty-eight men and 32 premenopausal women consumed a 4-week isoenergetic MedDiet under controlled conditions. Visual analogue scales were used to measure perceived appetite sensations before and immediately after each meal consumed over the course of one day (Wednesday) of the first and the fourth week of intervention. Women reported greater decreases for desire to eat, hunger, and appetite score than men in response to the consumption of the MedDiet meals (gender-by-meal interactions, resp., , , and ). Fullness and prospective food consumption responses did not significantly differ between men and women. Between the first and the fourth week of intervention, premeal prospective food consumption increased with time in men () but not in women (; for gender-by-time interaction = 0.04). These results indicate gender differences in appetite sensations when exposed to the MedDiet. These results may be useful in order to have a better understanding of gender issues for body weight management.