Journal of Obesity / 2015 / Article / Tab 3

Clinical Study

Gender Differences in the Appetite Response to a Satiating Diet

Table 3

Characteristics of men and premenopausal women before the 4-week fully controlled Mediterranean diet intervention.

Men () Women ()Gender difference
MeanSEMMeanSEM value

Age (years)42.61.241.21.30.42
Body weight (kg)91.62.278.02.6<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)29.00.529.61.00.87
Daily energy needs (kcal)31694932476261<0.0001
Energy expenditure from physical activity (kcal/kg⋅day)4.961.011.880.530.009
Restraint7.70.68.40.70.46
Rigid restraint2.20.32.30.30.69
Flexible restraint2.30.22.90.30.06
Disinhibition6.00.46.80.50.18
Situational susceptibility to disinhibition 2.80.22.90.30.80
Emotional susceptibility to disinhibition0.80.21.50.20.008
Habitual susceptibility to disinhibition0.70.20.80.20.60
Susceptibility to hunger4.70.64.30.50.58
Internal hunger1.90.31.30.30.15
External hunger1.90.32.00.20.88

Dietary restraint, score 0 to 21; disinhibition, score 0 to 16; susceptibility to hunger, score 0 to 14; rigid and flexible restraint, score 0 to 7; situational and habitual susceptibility to disinhibition, score 0 to 5; emotional susceptibility to disinhibition, score 0 to 3; and internal and external hunger, score 0 to 6. A higher score represents a higher level of this particular eating behavioral trait.
Differences between men and premenopausal women were assessed by Student’s -test.
These characteristics have been reported in a previous publication [9].
Analysis was performed on transformed values.
Physical activity level: missing value for one man and one woman.
Flexible restraint: missing value for one man.
Habitual susceptibility to disinhibition: missing value for one man.