Journal of Obesity / 2016 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Obesity Severity, Dietary Behaviors, and Lifestyle Risks Vary by Race/Ethnicity and Age in a Northern California Cohort of Children with Obesity

Table 3

Health-related behavior and lifestyle risks of pediatric patients with obesity, by age group and obesity severity.

Health behavior/lifestyle risk3–5 years6–11 years12–17 years
Moderate obesity ( = 762) %Severe obesity ( = 353) %Moderate obesity ( = 2224) %Severe obesity ( = 1260) %Moderate obesity ( = 1916) %Severe obesity ( = 1341) %

Eating breakfast <6 times a week25.536.5a31.239.3a55.064.2a
Eating meals with family <5 times a week35.433.837.642.5a53.155.9
Eating <5 servings of fruits/vegetables a day45.245.054.754.959.664.5a
 Eating <3 servings of vegetables a day60.859.065.965.169.073.7a
 Eating <3 servings of fruit a day43.145.954.456.562.565.4
Eating ≥3 sugary or salty snacks a day22.926.826.730.531.133.1
Drinking ≥2 sugary or juice drinks a day54.665.2a57.463.058.461.9
60 min exercise outside PE <5 times a week40.753.0a63.068.5a66.569.1a
 60 min exercise <3 times a week15.119.825.733.9a34.740.0a
TV, computer, or video games ≥3 hours/day29.535.440.548.6a61.766.1a
Inadequate number of hours of sleep/night15.49.4a1.01.57.510.9a

PE = school-based physical education or recess; TV = television. Column s are approximate due to missing data.
1Sleep <8 hours per day (including naps) for ages 3–5 and <7 hours per night for ages 6–17.
Significantly () different from moderate obesity after adjusting for child’s sex and race/ethnicity.
Moderate obesity = BMI 100–119% of the 95th percentile; Severe obesity = BMI ≥ 120% of the 95th percentile.