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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2016, Article ID 5067421, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5067421
Research Article

Design of a Digital-Based, Multicomponent Nutrition Guidance System for Prevention of Early Childhood Obesity

1Nestlé Nutrition, 12 Vreeland Road, Florham Park, NJ 07932, USA
2Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 737 W Lombard Street No. 161, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
3RTI International, East Cornwallis Road, P.O. Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194, USA
4Nestlé S.A., Avenue Nestlé 55, 1800 Vevey, Switzerland

Received 22 February 2016; Revised 21 June 2016; Accepted 17 July 2016

Academic Editor: Gengsheng He

Copyright © 2016 Keriann H. Uesugi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Interventions targeting parenting focused modifiable factors to prevent obesity and promote healthy growth in the first 1000 days of life are needed. Scale-up of interventions to global populations is necessary to reverse trends in weight status among infants and toddlers, and large scale dissemination will require understanding of effective strategies. Utilizing nutrition education theories, this paper describes the design of a digital-based nutrition guidance system targeted to first-time mothers to prevent obesity during the first two years. The multicomponent system consists of scientifically substantiated content, tools, and telephone-based professional support delivered in an anticipatory and sequential manner via the internet, email, and text messages, focusing on educational modules addressing the modifiable factors associated with childhood obesity. Digital delivery formats leverage consumer media trends and provide the opportunity for scale-up, unavailable to previous interventions reliant on resource heavy clinic and home-based counseling. Designed initially for use in the United States, this system’s core features are applicable to all contexts and constitute an approach fostering healthy growth, not just obesity prevention. The multicomponent features, combined with a global concern for optimal growth and positive trends in mobile internet use, represent this system’s future potential to affect change in nutrition practice in developing countries.