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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2017, Article ID 2746595, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2746595
Research Article

A Community-Based Nutrition and Physical Activity Intervention for Children Who Are Overweight or Obese and Their Caregivers

1Department of Kinesiology, University of Rhode Island, Independence Square II, Kingston, RI, 02881, USA
2KinderHealthRI, LLC, 10 High Street, Wakefield, RI, 02879, USA
3Coastal Medical Narragansett Bay Pediatrics, 65 Village Square Drive, South Kingstown, RI, 02879, USA
4Wakefield Pediatrics, LLC, 46 Holley Street, Wakefield, RI, 02879, USA
5Busy Bodies Studio, 12 High Street, South Kingstown, RI, 02879, USA
6Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Fogarty Hall, Kingston, RI, 02881, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Furong Xu; ude.iru@7002uxf

Received 10 May 2017; Revised 12 September 2017; Accepted 17 September 2017; Published 8 October 2017

Academic Editor: Aron Weller

Copyright © 2017 Furong Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There is a need for efficacious interventions to reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity, and a limited body of research suggests that collaborative community-based programs designed for children and their caregivers may be effective in reducing obesity rates. This paper reports the results of a community-based obesity intervention, South County Food, Fitness and Fun (SCFFF), designed for preadolescent children who are overweight or obese and their caregivers. SCFFF was developed in response to community concerns. Families were referred to the program by their physician and participated in the program at no cost. The 16-week intervention includes weekly group nutrition and physical activity sessions. Analyses determined that 65 out of the 97 children who completed SCFFF provided 2-year follow-up data and had reduced BMI z-scores over 2 years following the intervention. These participants decreased their energy, fat, carbohydrate, saturated fat, and sodium intake and increased core body strength and endurance from baseline to the end of the intervention. SCFFF was effective in reducing relative weight and improving diet and core muscle strength and endurance in children who are overweight or obese.