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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7589408, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7589408
Research Article

Short- and Long-Term, 11–22 Years, Results after Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication in Obese versus Nonobese Patients

Department of Surgery, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Federica Piccione; ti.oiligriv@at.aciredef

Received 12 January 2017; Revised 10 April 2017; Accepted 23 April 2017; Published 11 May 2017

Academic Editor: Till Hasenberg

Copyright © 2017 Mario Schietroma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Some studies suggest that obesity is associated with a poor outcome after Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication (LNF), whereas others have not replicated these findings. The effect of body mass index (BMI) on the short- and long-term results of LNF is investigated. Methods. Inclusion criteria were only patients who undergone a LNF with at least 11-year follow-up data available, patients with preoperative weight and height data available for calculation of BMI (Kg/m2), and patients with a BMI up to a maximum of 34.9. Results. 201 patients met the inclusion criteria: 43 (21.4%) had a normal BMI, 89 (44.2%) were overweight, and 69 (34.4%) were obese. The operation was significantly longer in obese patients; the use of drains and graft was less in the normal BMI group (). The hospital stay, conversion (6,4%), and intraoperative and early postoperative complications were not influenced by BMI. Conclusions. BMI does not influence short-term outcomes following LNF, but long-term control of reflux in obese patients is worse than in normal weight subjects.