Journal of Obesity / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population

Table 3

Individual and combined anthropometric measures’ ability to discriminate MI cases and control subjects expressed as AUROC curve.

MeasureAUROC (95% CI)Direction of associationa

Men ≤65 yr;
 Weight0.54 (0.49–0.59)+0.091
 Height0.56 (0.51–0.61)0.010
 Waist0.50 (0.45–0.55)+>0.20
 Hip0.60 (0.56–0.65)<0.001
 BMI0.59 (0.54–0.64)+0.001
 Waist/hip0.62 (0.57–0.67)+<0.001
 Waist and hip0.67 (0.62–0.72)+, −<0.001
 Weight and hip0.76 (0.72–0.80)+, −<0.001
 BMI and hip0.77 (0.73–0.81)+, −<0.001
 Weight, hip, and heightc0.79 (0.75–0.83)+, −, −<0.001
 BMI, hip, and heightb,d0.79 (0.75–0.83)+, −, +<0.001

Men ≥66 yr;
 Weight0.53 (0.48–0.59)>0.20
 Height0.54 (0.49–0.59)0.139
 Waist0.56 (0.51–0.61)0.021
 Hip0.72 (0.67–0.76)<0.001
 BMI0.52 (0.47–0.57)>0.20
 Waist/hip0.61 (0.57–0.67)+<0.001
 Waist and hip0.77 (0.72–0.81)+, −<0.001
 Weight and hipb0.82 (0.78–0.86)+, −<0.001
 BMI and hip0.78 (0.74–0.83)+, −<0.001
 Weight, hip, and heightc0.82 (0.78–0.86)+, −, −<0.001
 BMI, hip, and heightd0.81 (0.77–0.85)+, −, +<0.001

Women ≤65 yr;
 Weight0.52 (0.42–0.61)+>0.20
 Height0.55 (0.45–0.64)>0.20
 Waist0.55 (0.45–0.64)+>0.20
 Hip0.54 (0.44–0.63)>0.20
 BMI0.55 (0.45–0.64)+>0.20
 Waist/hip0.61 (0.52–0.71)+0.019
 Waist and hip0.62 (0.53–0.71)+, −0.011
 Weight and hip0.64 (0.54–0.73)+, −0.005
 BMI and hipb0.68 (0.58–0.76)+, −<0.001
 Weight, hip, and heightc0.68 (0.59–0.77)+, −, −<0.001
 BMI, hip, and heightd0.68 (0.60–0.77)+, −, +<0.001

Women ≥66 yr;
 Body weight0.57 (0.50–0.64)+0.048
 Height0.52 (0.45–0.59)+>0.20
 Waist0.59 (0.52–0.66)+0.009
 Hip0.53 (0.46–0.60)+>0.20
 BMI0.56 (0.49–0.63)+0.120
 Waist/hipb0.67 (0.61–0.74)+<0.001
 Waist and hip0.67 (0.61–0.74)+, −<0.001
 Weight and hip0.66 (0.59–0.73)+, −<0.001
 BMI and hip0.64 (0.58–0.71)+, −<0.001
 Weight, hip, and heightc0.67 (0.60–0.74)+, −, −<0.001
 BMI, hip, and heightd0.67 (0.60–0.74)+, −, +<0.001

AUROC curve values larger than or equal 0.60 are in bold. a“+” denotes that a larger value of the anthropometric measure increases the risk of MI, and “−” denotes that a large value decreases the risk. bBest subset of anthropometric measures according to Schwarz Bayesian information criterion in the individual sex/age categories. cBest subset of anthropometric measures according to Schwarz Bayesian information criterion over all four individual sex/age categories. dThe “+” direction of the height effect is only apparent. The true direction is negative since it appears in the denominator of BMI.

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