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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2019, Article ID 1952538, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/1952538
Research Article

Quality of Life before and after Sleeve Gastrectomy in Lebanese Population

1General Surgery Department, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon
2Hematology-Oncology Department, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon

Correspondence should be addressed to Marwan Alkassis; moc.liamg@81sissak.nawram

Received 13 March 2019; Revised 16 July 2019; Accepted 21 July 2019; Published 6 August 2019

Academic Editor: Jennifer L. Kuk

Copyright © 2019 Marwan Alkassis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Obesity is increasing worldwide and in Lebanon with a negative impact on the quality of life. The primary objective of this study is to measure the quality of life in obese subjects before and after bariatric surgery, depending on age, sex, and degree of weight loss. A secondary objective is to determine the impact of bariatric surgery on comorbidities associated with obesity. Materials and methods. Patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 between August 2016 and April 2017 were included. Participants completed the Moorehead-Ardelt Quality of Life Questionnaire II (MA II) prior to operation and one year after. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS statistics version 20.0. Results. 75 patients participated in the study. The majority were women (75%), and the mean age was 36.3 years. The mean weight loss was 36.57 kg (16–76). Initially, the total MA II score was −0.33 ± 0.93. Postoperatively, it increased to 1.68 ± 0.62 (). All MA II parameters improved after surgery (), but this improvement was independent of age and sex. Improvement in self-esteem, physical activity, work performance, and sexual pleasure was influenced by the degree of weight loss (). All comorbidities associated with obesity regressed significantly after sleeve gastrectomy () with the exception of gastroesophageal reflux and varicose veins of the lower limbs. Conclusion. Sleeve gastrectomy improves quality of life and allows reduction of comorbidities.