Journal of Obesity / 2019 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Development of a Dietary Factor Assessment Tool for Evaluating Associations between Visceral Fat Accumulation and Major Nutrients in Japanese Adults

Table 4

Estimated BMI and visceral fat area by quartiles of each dietary factor score in Survey 1.

Q1Q2Q3Q4ANOVA1Q1 vs. Q4

AppetiteMale / Female2468 / 4452241 / 5952058 / 7791605 / 1247
Age44.1 ± 0.242.4 ± 0.240.5 ± 0.238.1 ± 0.2
BMI221.6 ± 0.122.2 ± 0.122.9 ± 0.123.5 ± 0.1<0.001<0.001
Visceral fat263 ± 168 ± 176 ± 181 ± 1<0.001<0.001

Healthy food choiceMale / Female2324 / 6042099 / 7492015 / 7941934 / 919
Age37.7 ± 0.240.4 ± 0.242.6 ± 0.244.6 ± 0.2
BMI22.5 ± 0.122.7 ± 0.122.6 ± 0.122.5 ± 0.10.016n.s.
Visceral fat72 ± 174 ± 172 ± 169 ± 1<0.01<0.01

Sedentary behaviorMale / Female2374 / 5292141 / 6442016 / 8261841 / 1067
Age41.9 ± 0.242.0 ± 0.240.8 ± 0.240.5 ± 0.2
BMI222.1 ± 0.122.7 ± 0.122.7 ± 0.122.8 ± 0.1<0.001<0.001
Visceral fat258 ± 173 ± 176 ± 181 ± 1<0.001<0.001

Calorie restrictionMale / Female2255 / 6572055 / 7302074 / 7821988 / 897
Age40.2 ± 0.241.8 ± 0.242.1 ± 0.241.2 ± 0.2
BMI221.5 ± 0.122.6 ± 0.122.9 ± 0.123.2 ± 0.1<0.001<0.001
Visceral fat262 ± 174 ± 176 ± 176 ± 1<0.001<0.001

Irregular mealtimeMale / Female1782 / 10042016 / 7992200 / 7012374 / 562
Age43.3 ± 0.242.4 ± 0.240.7 ± 0.238.8 ± 0.2
BMI222.3 ± 0.122.4 ± 0.122.7 ± 0.122.9 ± 0.1<0.001<0.001
Visceral fat268 ± 170 ± 174 ± 176 ± 1<0.001<0.001

Mean ± SE. 1Fixed effect: quartiles of each dietary factor score; covariates: sex and age. 2Data were log-transformed for ANOVA.