Table of Contents
Journal of Oral Diseases
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 348032, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/348032
Research Article

Enamel Carious Lesion Development in Response to Sucrose and Fluoride Concentrations and to Time of Biofilm Formation: An Artificial-Mouth Study

1Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Ramiro Barcelos 2492, 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
2Oral Health Research Institute, Indiana School of Dentistry, 415 Lansing Street, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
3Department of Biostatistics, Indiana School of Medicine, 410 W. Tenth Street, Suite 3000, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA

Received 27 April 2014; Accepted 3 September 2014; Published 15 September 2014

Academic Editor: Tarek El-Bialy

Copyright © 2014 Rodrigo Alex Arthur et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. H. Selwitz, A. I. Ismail, and N. B. Pitts, “Dental caries,” The Lancet, vol. 369, no. 9555, pp. 51–59, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. D. Marsh, “Are dental diseases examples of ecological catastrophes?” Microbiology, vol. 149, no. 2, pp. 279–294, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. D. B. Featherstone, “Dental caries: a dynamic disease process,” Australian Dental Journal, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 286–291, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. Dawes, “What is the critical pH and why does a tooth dissolve in acid?” Journal (Canadian Dental Association), vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 722–724, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. M. A. Tenuta and J. A. Cury, “Fluoride: its role in dentistry,” Brazilian Oral Research, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. M. B. ten Cate, “The need for antibacterial approaches to improve caries control,” Advances in dental research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 8–12, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. A. Cury and L. M. A. Tenuta, “Enamel remineralization: Controlling the caries disease or treating early caries lesions?” Brazilian Oral Research, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 23–30, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. C. Margolis and E. C. Moreno, “Physicochemical perspectives on the cariostatic mechanisms of systemic and topical fluorides,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 69, pp. 606–613, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. V. C. Marinho, “Cochrane reviews of randomized trials of fluoride therapies for preventing dental caries,” European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 183–191, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. H. Bowen and H. Koo, “Biology of streptococcus mutans-derived glucosyltransferases: role in extracellular matrix formation of cariogenic biofilms,” Caries Research, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 69–86, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. H. Dibdin and R. P. Shellis, “Physical and biochemical studies of Streptococcus mutans sediments suggest new factors linking the cariogenicity of plaque with its extracellular polysaccharide content,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 890–895, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. T. Zero, J. van Houte, and J. Russo, “The intra-oral effect on enamel demineralization of extracellular matrix material synthesized from sucrose by Streptococcus mutans,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 918–923, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. A. Cury, M. A. B. Rebelo, A. A. Del Bel Cury, M. T. V. C. Derbyshire, and C. P. M. Tabchoury, “Biochemical composition and cariogenicity of dental plaque formed in the presence of sucrose or glucose and fructose,” Caries Research, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 491–497, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. F. Paes Leme, C. M. Bellato, G. Bedi, A. A. Del Bel Cury, H. Koo, and J. A. Cury, “Effects of sucrose on the extracellular matrix of plaque-like biofilm formed in vivo, studied by proteomic analysis,” Caries Research, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 435–443, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. W. Cavalcanti, M. M. Bertolini, W. J. da Silva, A. A. del-Bel-Cury, L. M. A. Tenuta, and J. A. Cury, “A three-species biofilm model for the evaluation of enamel and dentin demineralization,” Biofouling, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 579–588, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. A. Giacaman, M. P. Contzen, J. A. Yuri, and C. Munoz-Sandoval, “Anticaries effect of an antioxidant-rich apple concentrate on enamel in an experimental biofilm demineralization model,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 117, no. 3, pp. 846–853, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. W. Zhao, Q. Xie, A. K. Bedran-Russo, S. Pan, J. Ling, and C. D. Wu, “The preventive effect of grape seed extract on artificial enamel caries progression in a microbial biofilm-induced caries model,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1010–1018, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. K. Filoche, K. J. Soma, and C. H. Sissons, “Caries-related plaque microcosm biofilms developed in microplates,” Oral Microbiology and Immunology, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 73–79, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. S. Azevedo, F. H. Van De Sande, A. R. Romano, and M. S. Cenci, “Microcosm biofilms originating from children with different caries experience have similar cariogenicity under successive sucrose challenges,” Caries Research, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 510–517, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Fontana, A. Haider, and C. Gonzales-Cabezas, “Caries lesion development and biofilm composition response to varying demineralization times and sucrose exposures,” Biofilms, vol. 1, pp. 229–237, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  21. A. T. Hara, M. Ando, C. González-Cabezas, J. A. Cury, M. C. Serra, and D. T. Zero, “Protective effect of the dental pellicle against erosive challenges in situ,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 85, no. 7, pp. 612–616, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. Lippert, R. J. M. Lynch, G. J. Eckert, S. A. Kelly, A. T. Hara, and D. T. Zero, “In situ fluoride response of caries lesions with different mineral distributions at baseline,” Caries Research, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 47–55, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Fontana, A. J. Dunipace, R. L. Gregory et al., “An in vitro microbial model for studying secondary caries formation,” Caries Research, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 112–118, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. B. Guggenheim, E. Giertsen, P. Schüpbach, and S. Shapiro, “Validation of an in vitro biofilm model of supragingival plaque,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 363–370, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Ando, M. H. van der Veen, B. R. Schemehorn, and G. K. Stookey, “Comparative study to quantify demineralized enamel in deciduous and permanent teeth using laser- and light-induced fluorescence techniques,” Caries Research, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 464–470, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. M. Ten Cate, “Current concepts on the theories of the mechanism of action of fluoride,” Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 325–329, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. P. Aires, C. P. M. Tabchoury, A. A. Del Bel Cury, H. Koo, and J. A. Cury, “Effect of sucrose concentration on dental biofilm formed in situ and on enamel demineralization,” Caries Research, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 28–32, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Tehrani, F. Brudevold, F. Attarzadeh, J. van Houte, and J. Russo, “Enamel demineralization by mouthrinses containing different concentrations of sucrose,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 62, no. 12, pp. 1216–1217, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. B. Øgaard, G. Rølla, and J. Arends, “Orthodontic appliances and enamel demineralization. Part 1. Lesion development,” The American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 68–73, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. B. N. Ullsfoss, B. Ogaard, J. Arends, J. Ruben, G. Rölla, and J. Afseth, “Effect of a combined chlorhexidine and NaF mouthrinse: an in vivo human caries model study,” Scandinavian journal of dental research, vol. 102, no. 2, pp. 109–112, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. O. Fejerskov, B. Nyvad, and M. J. Larsen, “Human experimental caries models: intra-oral environmental variability,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 134–143, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Shu, L. Wong, J. H. Miller, and C. H. Sissons, “Development of multi-species consortia biofilms of oral bacteria as an enamel and root caries model system,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 27–40, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. R. Bender and R. E. Marquis, “Membrane ATPases and acid tolerance of Actinomyces viscosus and Lactobacillus casei,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 2124–2128, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. J. Bradshaw, A. S. McKee, and P. D. Marsh, “Effects of carbohydrate pulses and pH on population shifts within oral microbial communities in vitro.,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 68, no. 9, pp. 1298–1302, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. J. Bradshaw and P. D. Marsh, “Analysis of pH-driven disruption of oral microbial communities in vitro,” Caries Research, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 456–462, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. D. S. Harper and W. J. Loesche, “Growth and acid tolerance of human dental plaque bacteria,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 843–848, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. H. Koo, J. Xiao, M. I. Klein, and J. G. Jeon, “Exopolysaccharides produced by Streptococcus mutans glucosyltransferases modulate the establishment of microcolonies within multispecies biofilms,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 192, no. 12, pp. 3024–3032, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. R. M. Murata, L. S. Branco-de-Almeida, E. M. Franco et al., “Inhibition of Streptococcus mutans biofilm accumulation and development of dental caries in vivo by 7-epiclusianone and fluoride,” Biofouling, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 865–872, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J.-G. Jeon, S. Pandit, J. Xiao et al., “Influences of transtrans farnesol, a membranetargeting sesquiterpenoid, on Streptococcus mutans physiology and survival within mixedspecies oral biofilms,” International Journal of Oral Science, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 98–106, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. G. E. Minah and W. J. Loesche, “Sucrose metabolism in resting cell suspensions of caries associated and non caries associated dental plaque,” Infection and Immunity, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 43–54, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Z. T. Wen, D. Yates, S.-J. Ahn, and R. A. Burne, “Biofilm formation and virulence expression by Streptococcus mutans are altered when grown in dual-species model,” BMC Microbiology, vol. 10, article 111, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. D. J. Bradshaw, A. S. McKee, and P. D. Marsh, “Prevention of population shifts in oral microbial communities in vitro by low fluoride concentrations,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 436–441, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. Yoshihara, S. Sakuma, S. Kobayashi, and H. Miyazaki, “Antimicrobial effect of fluoride mouthrinse on mutans streptococci and lactobacilli in saliva,” Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 113–117, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. R. A. Arthur, R. A. Waeiss, A. T. Hara, F. Lippert, G. J. Eckert, and D. T. Zero, “A defined-multispecies microbial model for studying enamel caries development,” Caries Research, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 318–324, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. Tamura, H. Yonezawa, M. Motegi et al., “Inhibiting effects of Streptococcus salivarius on competence-stimulating peptide-dependent biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans,” Oral Microbiology and Immunology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 152–161, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus