Table of Contents
Journal of Oral Diseases
Volume 2014, Article ID 579674, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/579674
Research Article

Correlation of Anxiety Levels between Temporomandibular Disorder Patients and Normal Subjects

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, DAPM RV Dental College, CA 37, 24th Main, J P Nagar 1st Phase, Bangalore 560078, India
2Department of Public Health and Centre for Disease Control, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India

Received 30 April 2014; Accepted 2 September 2014; Published 14 September 2014

Academic Editor: Mitsuhiro Ohshima

Copyright © 2014 Subhash Vasudeva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are among the common musculoskeletal conditions affecting the individual. Anxiety plays an important role in the pathogenesis of TMD. Modern lifestyle and work environment bring to focus the role of anxiety in everyday life which is changing the demographics of diseases like TMD. This study compared the anxiety scores between TMD patients and normal subjects. Material and Methods. 505 individuals were included in the study who were divided into group 1 with 255 individuals presenting with signs and symptoms of TMD and group 2 with 250 normal individuals as controls. Hospital anxiety depression scale was used to calculate the anxiety scores. Fischer’s t test was used to compare the anxiety scores between the two groups. Results. 80% of individuals in group 2 and 44% in group 1 individuals had normal anxiety scores. 45% of the individuals in group 1 and 19% in group 2 had borderline anxiety scores. 11% of group 1 individuals and <1% of group 2 individuals demonstrated high anxiety scores. These results were statistically significant. Conclusion. Individuals with TMD exhibited higher levels of anxiety scores whereas significant number of control subjects exhibited normal anxiety scores.