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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2012, Article ID 134569, 1 page

Optical Coherence Tomography in Ophthalmology

1Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of São Paulo, R. Botucatu, 821 Vila Mariana, 04023-062 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
3Department of Ophthalmology, Philipps University Marburg, 35032 Marburg, Germany
4Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 25 December 2011; Accepted 25 December 2011

Copyright © 2012 Eduardo Buchele Rodrigues et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical signal acquisition and processing method that captures micrometer-resolution three-dimensional images from within biological tissues. In recent years, OCT has become an important imaging technology used in diagnosing and following macular pathologies. It has complemented fluorescein angiography in many cases, especially in the diagnosis and management of various retinal disorders, including macular edema and age-related macular degeneration. In addition, further development enabled application of optical coherence tomography in evaluation of the integrity of the nerve fiber layer, optic nerve cupping, anterior chamber angle, or corneal topography.

In this special issue, a number of researchers and physicians prepared twelve papers to discuss developments on the application of OCT for ocular diseases diagnosis. It comprises three review articles, six original articles, and three case reports. One of the review articles is an overview on the usefulness of OCT for the anterior segment entities by our work group. The other two review papers deal with the use of OCT in ophthalmic tumors and on the simultaneous confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy combined with high-resolution spectral domain. Three case reports show unique features of OCT in patients with fundus abnormalities as diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis, central serous chorioretinopathy, and punctate inner choroidopathy. Original papers on various subjects such as glaucoma diagnostics, retinal detachment, or retinitis pigmentosa offer novel insights into ophthalmology research.

We expect this special issue to be a contribution to the progress in imaging in ophthalmology. The diversity of papers illustrates the wide utility of OCT in ophthalmology.


The editors acknowledge the efforts of the writers and the publisher staff.

Eduardo Buchele Rodrigues
Felipe Medeiros
Stefan Mennel
Fernando M. Penha