Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2014, Article ID 503645, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/503645
Research Article

Variations in Eyeball Diameters of the Healthy Adults

1Department of Roentgenology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 70300 Zerifin, Israel
2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 33 Shapiro Street, 70300 Zerifin, Israel

Received 20 June 2014; Revised 4 October 2014; Accepted 13 October 2014; Published 5 November 2014

Academic Editor: Antonio Queiros

Copyright © 2014 Inessa Bekerman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Nayak, R. Acharya U., P. S. Bhat, N. Shetty, and T.-C. Lim, “Automated diagnosis of glaucoma using digital fundus images,” Journal of Medical Systems, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 337–346, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. Samarawickrama, A. Pai, S. C. Huynh, G. Burlutsky, J. B. Jonas, and P. Mitchell, “Measurement of optic nerve head parameters: comparison of optical coherence tomography with digital planimetry,” Journal of Glaucoma, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 571–575, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. M. Kim, M. S. Kim, H. J. Jang, K. H. Park, and J. Caprioli, “The association between retinal vessel diameter and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in asymmetric normal tension glaucoma patients,” Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 5609–5614, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. H. Raboel, J. Bartek, M. Andresen, B. M. Bellander, and B. Romner, “Intracranial pressure monitoring: Invasive versus non-invasive methods-a review,” Critical Care Research and Practice, vol. 2012, Article ID 950393, 14 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. S. Liebovitch, “Why the eye is round?” in The Biology of the Eye, J. Fischbarg, Ed., pp. 5–6, Elsevier, Boston, Mass, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  6. L. S. Lim, G. H. Chong, P. T. Tan et al., “Distribution and determinants of eye size and shape in newborn children: a magnetic resonance imaging analysis,” Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 4791–4797, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Z. Alkin, A. Ozkaya, Y. Karakucuk, and A. Demirok, “Detailed ophthalmologic evaluation of posterior microphthalmos,” Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 186–188, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. M. Vaiman, P. Gottlieb, and I. Bekerman, “Quantitative relations between the eyeball, the optic nerve, and the optic canal important for intracranial pressure monitoring,” Head & Face Medicine, vol. 10, article 32, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. H. Gray, Anatomy Descriptive and Surgical, John W. Parker and Son, London, UK, 1858.
  10. M. Salzmann, The Anatomy and Histology of the Human Eyeball in the Normal State, Its Development and Senescence, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill, USA, 1912.
  11. F. S. Merkel and A. W. Orr, “Das Auge des Neugeborenen an einem schematischen Durchschnitt erläutert,” Anatomische Hefte, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 271–299, 1892. View at Google Scholar
  12. A. Tomlinson and C. I. Phillips, “Applanation tension and axial length of the eyeball,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 548–553, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. A. Atchison, C. E. Jones, K. L. Schmid et al., “Eye shape in emmetropia and myopia,” Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 3380–3386, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Bron, R. Tripathi, and B. Tripathi, Wolff's Anatomy of the Eye and Orbit, Comparative Anatomy of the Visual Apparatus, CRC Press, London, UK, 8th edition, 1997.
  15. S. Standring, Gray’s Anatomy, Elsevier, Boston, Mass, USA, 40th edition, 2008.
  16. A. K. Khurana, Comprehensive Ophthalmology, New Age International, New Delhi, India, 4th edition, 2007.
  17. B. James and L. Benjamin, Ophthalmology Investigation and Examination Techniques, Elsevier, New York, NY, USA, 2007.
  18. J. Oliver and L. Cassidy, Ophthalmology at a Glance, Blackwell Science, Malden, Mass, USA, 2005.
  19. R. F. Guthoff and J. A. Katowitz, Eds., Oculoplastics and Orbit, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2010.
  20. J. C. Tsai, A. K. O. Denniston, P. I. Murray, and J. J. Huang, Eds., Oxford American Handbook of Ophthalmology, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2011.
  21. P. Riordan-Eva and E. T. Cunningham Jr., Vaughan & Asbury's General Ophthalmology, McGraw-Hill Medical, New York, NY, USA, 18th edition, 2011.
  22. H. H. Kimberly, S. Shah, K. Marill, and V. Noble, “Correlation of optic nerve sheath diameter with direct measurement of intracranial pressure,” Academic Emergency Medicine, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 201–204, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 2698–2707, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Tabernero and F. Schaeffel, “More irregular eye shape in low myopia than in emmetropia,” Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 50, no. 9, pp. 4516–4522, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. Kang, P. Gifford, P. McNamara et al., “Peripheral refraction in different ethnicities,” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 6059–6065, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. H. T. Song, Y. J. Kim, S. J. Lee, and Y. S. Moon, “Relations between age, weight, refractive error and eye shape by computerized tomography in children,” Korean Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 163–168, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. B. Qin, M. Tang, Y. Li, X. Zhang, R. Chu, and D. Huang, “Anterior segment dimensions in Asian and Caucasian eyes measured by optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmic Surgery Lasers and Imaging, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 135–142, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus