Table 1: Coping styles in three groups of patients: comparison.

Group/CISS scalesGroup 1 ()Group 2 ()Group 3 ()Significant differences
MSDMSDMSD(3,234) <

TOC59,695,8262,096,0547,595,79 134,880,0001
EOC50,986,6634,576,1442,117,09 119,680,0001
AOC43,927,1735,066,3333,637,52 52,380,0001
ESA15,764,4411,653,2712,183,63 27,650,0001
SSR17,713,8115,193,7412,923,68 34,240,0001

TOC: task-oriented coping, EOC: emotion-oriented coping, AOC: avoidance-oriented coping, ESA: engagement in substitute activity, and SSR: seeking for social relationships.