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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2014, Article ID 762364, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/762364
Research Article

Chronic Electromagnetic Exposure at Occupational Safety Level Does Not Affect the Metabolic Profile nor Cornea Healing after LASIK Surgery

1IRBA, Unité des Rayonnements Non Ionisants et de Biophysique, BP 73, 91220 Brétigny sur Orge, France
2IRBA, Service d’Imagerie et de Microscopie, BP 73, 91220 Brétigny sur Orge, France
3Hopital des Armées Bouffard, Service d’Ophtalmologie, 85024 Djibouti, Djibouti

Received 13 November 2013; Revised 20 January 2014; Accepted 29 January 2014; Published 18 March 2014

Academic Editor: Colin Clement

Copyright © 2014 David Crouzier et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

LASIK eye surgery has become a very common practice for myopic people, especially those in the military. Sometimes undertaken by people who need to keep a specific medical aptitude, this surgery could be performed in secret from the hierarchy and from the institute medical staff. However, even though the eyes have been previously described as one of the most sensitive organs to electromagnetic fields in the human body, no data exist on the potential deleterious effects of electromagnetic fields on the healing eye. The consequences of chronic long-lasting radar exposures at power density, in accordance with the occupational safety standards (9.71 GHz, 50 W/m2), were investigated on cornea healing. The metabolic and clinical statuses after experimental LASIK keratotomy were assessed on the different eye segments in a New Zealand rabbit model. The analysis methods were performed after 5 months of exposure (1 hour/day, 3 times/week). Neither clinical or histological examinations, nor experimental data, such as light scattering, 1H-NMR HRMAS metabolomics, 13C-NMR spectra of lipidic extracts, and antioxidant status, evidenced significant modifications. It was concluded that withdrawing the medical aptitude of people working in electromagnetic field environments (i.e., radar operators in the navy) after eye surgery was not justified.