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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2015, Article ID 315281, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/315281
Research Article

Comparison of Two Different Scheimpflug Devices in the Detection of Keratoconus, Regular Astigmatism, and Healthy Corneas

Department of Ophthalmology, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Moorenstraße 5, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany

Received 21 January 2015; Accepted 1 April 2015

Academic Editor: Majid M. Moshirfar

Copyright © 2015 David Finis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. The aim of this study was to determine the intra- and interobserver variability of two Scheimpflug based camera systems, Pentacam and Sirius. In addition, the comparability of the measurements was tested in healthy subjects, subjects with regular astigmatism, and keratoconus patients. Methods. Intra- and interobserver variability were assessed in 20 healthy corneas. Pachymetry values were also compared with ultrasound pachymetry as a reference measurement. To detect possible differences between the two devices, 82 eyes with clinically established keratoconus, 30 eyes with regular astigmatism (>1.5 D), and 60 eyes without corneal pathologies were included in this prospective study. Results. Pachymetry and keratometry showed good intra- and interobserver variability for both devices. Pachymetry values obtained with the Sirius system (μm) were significantly higher compared to the Pentacam system (μm, ) and to ultrasound pachymetry (μm, ). Significant interdevice differences were found regarding the majority of the detected keratometry parameters. Conclusions. Both devices show almost perfect reproducibility in healthy subjects. However, pachymetry and keratometry values of the two devices should not be used interchangeably.