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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4095852, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4095852
Research Article

A Meta-Analysis of Studies Evaluating Visual and Anatomical Outcomes in Patients with Treatment Resistant Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration following Switching to Treatment with Aflibercept

1Moorfields Eye Hospital, 162 City Road, London EC1V 2PD, UK
2UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, 11-43 Bath Street, London EC1V 9EL, UK
3Royal Surrey County Hospital, Egerton Road, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XX, UK
4Bnai Zion Medical Center, 47 Golomb Road, 31048 Haifa, Israel

Received 31 August 2015; Accepted 11 January 2016

Academic Editor: Naoshi Kondo

Copyright © 2016 Sophie Seguin-Greenstein et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

With the introduction of aflibercept, eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) not responding well to injections of ranibizumab or bevacizumab can be switched to treatment with aflibercept. We carried out a meta-analysis to analyze all available evidence of visual and anatomical outcomes of eyes with resistant neovascular AMD switched to aflibercept at six months. Data from seven retrospective and prospective studies looking at change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central retinal thickness (CRT) were included. Weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% CI were estimated using the standardized mean change method. The overall results of the meta-analysis showed a small but statistically significant improvement in BCVA six months following treatment switch to aflibercept (WMD 0.142, 95% CI 0.006 to 0.28; ), and the effect was more significant in data gathered from prospective studies (WMD 0.407, 95% CI 0.023 to 0.791, ). There was a significant improvement in CRT following treatment switch to aflibercept (WMD −0.36, 95% CI −0.485 to −0.235; ). Our meta-analysis indicates that following treatment switch to aflibercept patients may have a significant improvement in CRT with stabilization or even some improvement in their visual acuity.