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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2016, Article ID 5302368, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5302368
Research Article

Optical Coherence Tomography Parameters in Morbidly Obese Patients Who Underwent Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

1Department of Ophthalmology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, 07100 Antalya, Turkey
2Department of General Surgery, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, 07100 Antalya, Turkey
3Department of General Surgery, Esenler Maternity and Child Health Hospital, 34230 Istanbul, Turkey
4Department of General Surgery, Medicine Faculty, Akdeniz University, 07058 Antalya, Turkey

Received 21 January 2016; Revised 15 May 2016; Accepted 30 May 2016

Academic Editor: Jesús Pintor

Copyright © 2016 Berna Dogan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To investigate changes in optical coherence tomography parameters in morbidly obese patients who had undergone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Methods. A total of 41 eyes of 41 morbidly obese patients (BMI ≥ 40) who had undergone LSG were included in study. The topographic optic disc parameters, central macular thickness (CMT), total macular volume (TMV), and retinal ganglion cell layer (RGCL) were measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) was measured by enhanced deep imaging-optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). Results. The mean CMT was μm, μm, and μm preoperatively, 3 months postoperatively, and 6 months postoperatively, respectively (). The mean TMV was  mm3,  mm3, and  mm3 preoperatively, 3 months postoperatively, and 6 months postoperatively, respectively (). The mean RGCL was μm, μm, and μm preoperatively, 3 months postoperatively, and 6 months postoperatively, respectively (). The mean SFCT was μm, μm, and μm preoperatively, 3 months postoperatively, and 6 months postoperatively, respectively (). No statistically significant differences were found between the preoperative values and 3- and 6-month postoperative values in rim area (), disc area (), vertical cup/disc ratio (), cup volume (), or retinal nerve fiber layer (). Conclusions. Morbidly obese patients who undergo LSG experience a statistically significant increase in CMT, TMV, SFCT, and RGCL at 3 months and 6 months after surgery.