Journal of Ophthalmology / 2016 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Retinal Vessel Diameters and Their Relationship with Cardiovascular Risk and All-Cause Mortality in the Inter99 Eye Study: A 15-Year Follow-Up

Table 3

Association between retinal vessel diameters and individual risk factors after multiple linear regression analyses.

Total number Central retinal artery equivalent diameter (CRAE), µm
Risk factorIncrementCoefficient (µm)95% confidence interval value

Systolic BP (mmHg)1 mmHg−0.2−0.3 to −0.2<0.001
Age (µm/1 year)1 year−0.2−0.4 to −0.10.002
Smoking (yes/no)Smokers versus nonsmokers4.01.9 to 5.9<0.001
HDL (mmol/L)1 mmol/L−3.8−6.2 to −1.30.003


Central retinal vein equivalent diameter (CRVE), µm

Smoking (yes/no)Smokers versus nonsmokers9.06.3 to 11.8<0.001
HDL (mmol/L)1 mmol/L−6.8−10.1 to −3.5<0.001

The model initially included the following variables: age, gender, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, smoking, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, family history of cardiovascular disease, and previous heart disease.

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