Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7807596, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7807596
Review Article

Classifications for Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy (PVR): An Analysis of Their Use in Publications over the Last 15 Years

1IOBA (Eye Institute), University of Valladolid, 47011 Valladolid, Spain
2Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, 47003 Valladolid, Spain
3Moorfields Eye Hospital, London EC1V 2PD, UK

Received 22 January 2016; Accepted 24 May 2016

Academic Editor: Stephen Charn Beng Teoh

Copyright © 2016 Salvatore Di Lauro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. C. Pastor, E. R. de la Rúa, and F. Martín, “Proliferative vitreoretinopathy: risk factors and pathobiology,” Progress in Retinal and Eye Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 127–144, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. C. Pastor, “Proliferative vitreoretinopathy: an overview,” Survey of Ophthalmology, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 3–18, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. C. Pastor, J. Rojas, S. Pastor-Idoate, S. Di Lauro, L. Gonzalez-Buendia, and S. Delgado-Tirado, “Proliferative vitreoretinopathy: a new concept of disease pathogenesis and practical consequences,” Progress in Retinal and Eye Research, vol. 51, pp. 125–155, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Hilton, R. Machemer, R. Michels, E. Okun, C. Schepens, and A. Schwartz, “The classification of retinal detachment with proliferative vitreoretinopathy,” Ophthalmology, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 121–125, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. W. H. Havener, “Massive vitreous retraction,” International Ophthalmology Clinics, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 135–155, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. Machemer, “Pathogenesis and classification of massive periretinal proliferation,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 737–747, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. D. Scott, “The treatment of massive vitreous retraction by the separation of pre-retinal membranes using liquid silicone,” Modern Problems in Ophthalmology, vol. 15, pp. 185–190, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. C. Pastor, M. C. Méndez, M. A. de la Fuente et al., “Intraretinal immunohistochemistry findings in proliferative vitreoretinopathy with retinal shortening,” Ophthalmic Research, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 193–200, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. G. Charteris, J. Downie, G. W. Aylward, C. Sethi, and P. Luthert, “Intraretinal and periretinal pathology in anterior proliferative vitreoretinopathy,” Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 245, no. 1, pp. 93–100, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. S. Lean, W. H. Stern, A. R. Irvine et al., “Classification of proliferative vitrereotinopathy used in the silicone study,” Ophthalmology, vol. 96, no. 6, pp. 765–771, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Machemer, T. M. Aaberg, H. M. Freeman, A. R. Irvine, J. S. Lean, and R. M. Michels, “An updated classification of retinal detachment with proliferative vitreoretinopathy,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 159–165, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. Heimann and P. Wiedemann, “Cologne classification of proliferative vitreoretinopathy,” in Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy, K. Heimann and P. Wiedemann, Eds., pp. 148–149, Kaden, Heidelberg, Germany, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  13. F. Koerner, U. Koerner-Stiefbold, and J. G. Garweg, “Systemic corticosteroids reduce the risk of cellophane membranes after retinal detachment surgery: a prospective randomized placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial,” Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 250, no. 7, pp. 981–987, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Schröder, P. S. Muether, A. Caramoy et al., “Anterior chamber aqueous flare is a strong predictor for proliferative vitreoretinopathy in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment,” Retina, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 38–42, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. A. Acar, N. Ünlü, D. Hazirolan, M. Necati Demir, G. O. Üney, and F. Örnek, “Conventional surgery for complicated retinal detachment in silicone oil-filled eyes,” European Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 290–295, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Zenoni, N. Comi, P. Fontana, and M. R. Romano, “The combined use of heavy and light silicone oil in the treatment of complicated retinal detachment with 360° retinal breaks: tamponade effect or filling effect?” Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 440–443, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Roldán-Pallarés, C. Bravo-Llatas, A.-S. Musa, J. Hernandez-Montero, and R. Fernández-Durango, “Modelling postoperative visual acuity with and without proliferative vitreoretinopathy associated with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment,” Eye, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 1329–1336, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Oyagi and K. Emi, “Vitrectomy without scleral buckling for proliferative vitreoretinopathy,” Retina, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 215–218, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Z. Kapran, N. Acar, T. Altan, Y. B. Unver, and S. Yurttaser, “25-gauge sutureless vitrectomy with oblique sclerotomies for the management of retinal detachment in pseudophakic and phakic eyes,” European Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 853–860, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Auriol, V. Pagot-Mathis, L. Mahieu, C. Lemoine, and A. Mathis, “Efficacy and safety of heavy silicone oil densiron 68® in the treatment of complicated retinal detachment with large inferior retinectomy,” Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 246, no. 10, pp. 1383–1389, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. M. Lai, A. J. Ruby, R. Sarrafizadeh et al., “Repair of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment using 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy,” Retina, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 729–734, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. B. Oliveira and P. A. C. Reis, “Silicone oil tamponade in 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy,” Retina, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1054–1058, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. T. Kralinger, U. Stolba, M. Velikay et al., “Safety and feasibility of a novel intravitreal tamponade using a silicone oil/acetyl-salicylic acid suspension for proliferative vitreoretinopathy: first results of the Austrian Clinical Multicenter Study,” Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 248, no. 8, pp. 1193–1198, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. A. G. Shalaby, “Relaxing retinotomies and retinectomies in the management of retinal detachment with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR),” Clinical Ophthalmology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1107–1114, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Mura, S. H. Tan, and M. D. De Smet, “Use of 25-gauge vitrectomy in the management of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment,” Retina, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1299–1304, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. R. Minarcik and M. A. von Fricken, “Virtual retinectomy: indocyanine green-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling as a surgical adjunct in repair of recurrent rhegmatogenous retinal detachment due to PVR,” Clinical Ophthalmology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 631–636, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. G. Charteris, G. W. Aylward, D. Wong, C. Groenewald, R. H. Y. Asaria, and C. Bunce, “A randomized controlled trial of combined 5-fluorouracil and low-molecular-weight heparin in management of established proliferative vitreoretinopathy,” Ophthalmology, vol. 111, no. 12, pp. 2240–2245, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. W. Chen, H. Chen, P. Hou, A. Fok, Y. Hu, and D. S. C. Lam, “Midterm results of low-dose intravitreal triamcinolone as adjunctive treatment for proliferative vitreoretinopathy,” Retina, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1137–1142, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. B. L. Lim and B. Vote, “Densiron intraocular tamponade: a case series,” Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 261–264, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F. Boscia, C. Furino, N. Recchimurzo, G. Besozzi, G. Sborgia, and C. Sborgia, “Oxane HD vs silicone oil and scleral buckle in retinal detachment with proliferative vitreoretinopathy and inferior retinal breaks,” Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 246, no. 7, pp. 943–948, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus