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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2017, Article ID 8109390, 6 pages
Clinical Study

Outcomes of Vitrectomy in Pediatric Retinal Detachment with Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy

1Department of General Ophthalmology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
2Department of Experimental Pharmacology, Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
3Human Anatomy Department, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
4Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Dominika Nowakowska; moc.liamg@58akswokawon.akinimod

Received 17 February 2017; Accepted 23 April 2017; Published 3 August 2017

Academic Editor: Elad Moisseiev

Copyright © 2017 Robert Rejdak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aim. To report outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in pediatric retinal detachment (RD) with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), complications, factors influencing the final anatomical and functional results. Methods. Retrospective consecutive case series of 14 eyes. Average postoperative follow-up period was 34 months. Results. Mean age of patients was 10 years; eleven patients (79%) were males. The most common etiology was trauma (57%), the second—myopia (36%) and one case of uveitis (7%). At the day of presentation, the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was worse than hand motion (50%); macula was detached in 86% of cases. Simultaneous PPV and phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were performed in 12 cases (86%). The most common endotamponade during PPV was silicone oil (93%). Anatomic reattachment was accomplished in 86% of cases. Final BCVA was equal or better than 0.1 in 50% of patients. The postoperative complications were found in 5 eyes (36%). Conclusion. Complete PPV was allowed for anatomically reattached retina and preserved vision in pediatric complex RD with PVR. However, visual outcomes were not satisfactory. Preserving vision in children with RD is of great importance for their future motor and intellectual development. This trial is registered with Identifier: NCT03208205.