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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2018, Article ID 1436834, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1436834
Research Article

Age Differences in Axial Length, Corneal Curvature, and Corneal Astigmatism in Marfan Syndrome with Ectopia Lentis

1Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China
2Key Laboratory of Myopia of State Health Ministry and Key Laboratory of Visual Impairment and Restoration of Shanghai, Shanghai, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Yongxiang Jiang; moc.361@gnaij_gnaixgnoy

Received 11 February 2018; Accepted 4 April 2018; Published 2 May 2018

Academic Editor: Anna Nowinska

Copyright © 2018 Jiahui Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To investigate the differences in axial length, corneal curvature, and corneal astigmatism with age in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) and ectopia lentis. Methods. A retrospective case series study was conducted. MFS patients with ectopia lentis were divided into groups according to age. Axial length, corneal curvature, and corneal astigmatism were measured. Results. This study included 114 MFS patients (215 eyes) with a mean age of 19.0 ± 13.9 years. Axial length differed significantly across age groups in MFS patients (), whereas corneal curvature did not (). Corneal astigmatism was statistically significant throughout the MFS cohort (), but no significant difference was found in young MFS patients (). With increasing age, the orientation of the corneal astigmatism changed from with-the-rule astigmatism to against-the-rule or oblique astigmatism (). A linear correlation analysis showed weak correlations between age and axial length for both eyes and with corneal astigmatism for the left eye, but there was no correlation between age and corneal curvature. Conclusions. In MFS, axial length varies with age, corneal curvature remains stable, and corneal astigmatism is higher in young patients and tends to shift toward against-the-rule or oblique astigmatism. Therefore, it is important to consider age when diagnosing MFS with ocular biometric data.