Journal of Ophthalmology / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Size of the Foveal Avascular Zone Is Associated with Foveal Thickness and Structure in Premature Children

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients with retinopathy of prematurity, preterm children without retinopathy of prematurity, and control subjects.

Treated-ROP ()Preterm without ROP ()Control () value

Age (years)10.0 ± 1.5710.0 ± 2.879.41 ± 2.400.26a
Sex (male/female)8/66/1112/290.19a
Visual acuity (logMAR)−0.038 ± 0.093−0.14 ± 0.064−0.15 ± 0.0850.001a
Refractive error (D)−3.79 ± 4.11−0.31 ± 5.15−0.17 ± 1.820.02a
Keratometry7.52 ± 0.187.69 ± 0.227.69 ± 0.200.02a
Axial length (mm)23.03 ± 2.0123.38 ± 2.6323.04 ± 1.110.94a
Gestational age (weeks)26.86 ± 2.3133.41 ± 4.20<0.001b
Birth weight (g)870.29 ± 213.611925.76 ± 688.40<0.001b

Abbreviations: ROP, retinopathy of prematurity. aKruskal–Wallis test; bMann–Whitney U test.