Journal of Ophthalmology / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Intraocular Pressure and Anterior Segment Morphometry Changes after Uneventful Phacoemulsification in Type 2 Diabetic and Nondiabetic Patients

Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population.

DM group (n = 45)Non-DM group (n = 44)

Age (y)72.7 ± 5.770.6 ± 6.30.1061
Female (n)28 (63%)27 (61%)0.9343
Right eyes (n)22 (49%)29 (66%)0.1053
BMI (kg/m2)28.2 ± 3.927.9 ± 5.20.7631
Smoking history (n)10 (22%)17 (39%)0.0923
HbA1c levels (%)6.8 ± 1.05.5 ± 0.4<0.001
Duration of diabetes (y)9.1 ± 8.0n/an/a
DR stage (n)
 No apparent DR39 (87%)n/an/a
 Mild to moderate NPDR6 (13%)
Oral antidiabetic agents (n)43 (96%)n/an/a
Insulin treatment (n)7 (16%)n/an/a
Axial length (mm, preoperatively)22.9 ± 0.723.0 ± 0.80.8551
Intraoperative data
 Cataract grade1.6 ± 0.61.9 ± 0.60.032
 CDE9.3 ± 7.19.3 ± 6.40.9971
 IOL power22.1 ± 1.622.2 ± 1.80.6872
 Acrysof®/Akreos®37/838/60.5923

Data were derived from independent samples t-test1, Mann–Whitney test2, and chi-square3 test. Continuous variables are reported as mean ± standard deviation. , statistical significance. BMI, body mass index; CDE, cumulative dissipated energy; DM, diabetes mellitus; DR, diabetic retinopathy; NPDR, nonproliferative DR; IOL, intraocular lens; mm, millimeters; n/a, not applicable; y, years.

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