Journal of Ophthalmology / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Relationship between Serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Levels and Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy and Other Biomarkers

Table 1

Demographics and clinical characteristics of DM type 2 patients included in the study. The table shows the comparison of means for each demographic and clinical finding for patients not affected (no DR) and affected by DR (NPDR and PDR).

ParameterAll DM type 2 participantsDR group
N or (mean ± SD)No DR groupDR groupNPDR groupPDR group

Males/females29/3364/4127/1437/27
Age (mean in years)61 ± 11.160 ± 10.263 ± 10.958 ± 9.6
BMI (kg/m2)29 ± 6.330 ± 5.330 ± 5.130 ± 5.6
HbA1c (%)7.2 ± 1.68.1 ± 2.08.1 ± 1.88.1 ± 1.6
TC (mg/dL)165 ± 45.8178 ± 71.4165 ± 54.4186 ± 79.2
TGs (mg/dL)178 ± 118.5181 ± 112.2167 ± 108.8190 ± 112
HDL (mg/dL)44 ± 13.440 ± 38.839 ± 20.540 ± 47.2
LDL (mg/dL)101 ± 37.1106 ± 49.096 ± 40.3112 ± 52.8
Irisin (ng/mL)174 ± 27.799 ± 27.5114 ± 22.490 ± 25.6

values <0.05. DR: diabetic retinopathy. NPDR: nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy. PDR: proliferative diabetic retinopathy. BMI: body mass index. HbA1c: glycosylated hemoglobin. TC: total cholesterol. TGs: triglycerides. HDL: high-density lipoprotein. LDL: low-density lipoprotein.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.