Journal of Ophthalmology

Diabetic Ocular Surface and Anterior Segment Pathology


Publishing date
01 Sep 2019
Status
Published
Submission deadline
26 Apr 2019

Lead Editor

1University Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, Lleida, Spain

2“Lozano Blesa” University Clinic Hospital, Zaragoza, Spain

3Poznan City Hospital, Poznan, Poland


Diabetic Ocular Surface and Anterior Segment Pathology

Description

Ocular diabetes causes significant morbidity worldwide. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a well-known vascular disease and it may be the most frequent cause of visual loss in afflicted patients. Besides the retinal involvement, Diabetes Mellitus may affect the anterior ocular segment, especially the ocular surface. Altered corneal sensory nerves and neurotrophic defects are often found in these patients. Likewise, an associated dry eye can also be present. Cataracts are common in the diabetic population. The risk of diabetic macular edema following phacoemulsification surgery is increased. Intravitreal anti-VEGF and corticoids are frequently utilized to treat these diseases. However, these repetitive treatments have the potential of being toxic for the corneal endothelium.

Good glycemic control is essential to avoid the appearance of pathological alterations in the previously mentioned diseases. The ocular surface serves to help correct diagnosis and follow-up of diabetic patients. The measurement of glucose in the lacrimal film is a noninvasive test that can show blood glucose changes throughout the day without needing needle prick or blood tests.

Confocal microscopy can help to understand what happens in sensitive corneal receptors. Different methods to determine the glycemic levels in the tear film have been and are being investigated. The development of sensing contact lenses, which can monitor the glycemic level throughout the day, could be useful in the future. However, corneal sensitivity may be altered in patients with Diabetes Mellitus. The alterations may be related to systemic polyneuropathy present in Diabetes Mellitus or not. The alteration of corneal sensitivity can cause a dry eye due to the absence or decrease of the afferent reflex. Lacrimal osmolarity may be increased.

This special issue is focused on ocular diabetes on the ocular surface, and manuscripts reporting pathogenic, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects of ocular diabetes on the ocular surface as well as established relationships with clinical manifestations are welcome.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Motorization of glucose in the tear film by sensing contact lenses
  • Effects of Diabetes Mellitus on the cornea
  • The corneal endothelium in Diabetes Mellitus
  • Corneal sensitivity alterations in Diabetes Mellitus
  • Novel technologies in the diagnosis of ocular surface diabetic alterations
  • Corneal Biomechanics alterations in Diabetes Mellitus
  • Osmolarity on the ocular surface in diabetic patients
  • Therapeutic modalities for ocular surface diabetic alterations
  • Impact in visual function and visual assessment of ocular surface diabetes

Articles

  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 5951398
  • - Editorial

Diabetic Ocular Surface and Anterior Segment Pathology

Valentin Huerva | Francisco J. Ascaso | Andrzej Grzybowski
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 9818217
  • - Research Article

Early Alterations of Corneal Subbasal Plexus in Uncomplicated Type 1 Diabetes Patients

Domenico Schiano Lomoriello | Irene Abicca | ... | Fabiana Picconi
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 9390586
  • - Research Article

Intraocular Pressure and Anterior Segment Morphometry Changes after Uneventful Phacoemulsification in Type 2 Diabetic and Nondiabetic Patients

João N. Beato | David Reis | ... | Fernando Falcão Reis
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 7645352
  • - Review Article

An Update on Corneal Biomechanics and Architecture in Diabetes

María A. del Buey | Paula Casas | ... | Francisco J. Ascaso
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 4532657
  • - Research Article

Scheimpflug Camera and Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography in Pachymetry Evaluation of Diabetic Patients

Katarzyna Krysik | Dariusz Dobrowolski | ... | Anita Lyssek-Boron
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 3764878
  • - Research Article

Structural and Biomechanical Corneal Differences between Type 2 Diabetic and Nondiabetic Patients

João N. Beato | João Esteves-Leandro | ... | Fernando Falcão Reis
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 7216490
  • - Research Article

Influence of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus on the Ocular Biometry of Chinese Children

Ying Xiao | Tao Li | ... | Haidong Zou
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 5916243
  • - Research Article

The Effect of Buddleja officinalis Maxim Eye Drops on Morphology and Apoptosis in Lacrimal Gland of Experimental Dry Eye Rabbit Model

Genyan Qin | Yasha Zhou | ... | Yijing Yang
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2019
  • - Article ID 8127515
  • - Research Article

The Effects of Diabetic Duration on Lacrimal Functional Unit in Patients with Type II Diabetes

Xiaoyu Zeng | Ying Lv | ... | Shaozhen Zhao
Journal of Ophthalmology
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate36%
Submission to final decision73 days
Acceptance to publication31 days
CiteScore2.800
Impact Factor1.447
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