Table 1: Benchmark functions used in this paper.

FunctionDescription

Composition functionsF1Composition function 1 (, rotated)
F2Composition function 2 (, unrotated)
F3Composition function 3 (, rotated)
F4Composition function 4 (, rotated)
F5Composition function 5 (, rotated)
F6Composition function 6 (, rotated)
F7Composition function 7 (, rotated)
F8Composition function 8 (, rotated)