Journal of Smoking Cessation / 2021 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Evaluation of Combined Financial Incentives and Deposit Contract Intervention for Smoking Cessation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study participants.

CharacteristicControl ()Any treatment ()Treatment groups value: control vs. any treatment
Incentives only ()Commitment ()Precommitment ()

Female0.620.580.620.570.530.11
Age45.94 (10.66)45.25 (10.98)45.94 (10.66)46.17 (11.62)43.36 (11.03)0.05
Married0.140.140.140.200.100.08
Race or ethnic group (%)
 Race: Black or African American0.270.310.270.400.320.35
 Race: White0.500.450.500.480.340.94
 Race: Other0.220.240.220.120.340.39
 Hispanic0.260.270.260.140.370.16
Level of education (%)
 High school or lower0.720.690.720.610.710.52
 Associate’s or Bachelor’s degree0.150.200.150.290.240.20
 Graduate degree0.140.100.140.100.050.57
Household income (%)
 $10,000 or under0.560.540.560.500.530.41
 $10,001 to $30,0000.340.330.340.380.270.54
 $30,001 to $50,0000.030.060.030.120.080.79
 $50,001 and above0.070.070.070.000.120.39
Smoking behaviors
 Smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day0.020.030.020.050.050.13
 Quit attempts in the last year2.00 (41.28)2.00 (40.74)2.00 (41.28)1.00 (1.91)1.00 (52.44)0.79
 Has quit 1 year or more since starting smoking0.180.180.180.120.240.55
Fagerstrom score for nicotine dependence
 Low dependence0.070.080.070.100.080.49
 Low to moderate dependence0.230.250.230.260.270.56
 Moderate dependence0.360.350.360.310.340.18
 High dependence0.170.150.170.190.100.67

Note: values represent means (SD) unless otherwise indicated. Median reported due to outliers (4 participants responded 365).

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