Table 1: Characteristics of included studies for TOP (a) and TOP with miscarriage/perinatal loss/neonatal death (b).

Authors, year, country, and author listing in reference listMethodsReproductive loss, Participants, and control for Prereproductive lossOutcomes measurementsQuality

(a) Termination of pregnancy (TOP). Numbers of participants are women, men, or couples and are noted separately.

(1) Allanson (2007), Australia [64]P, LNonmedical TOP = 96
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

(2) Cohen and Roth (1984), USA [65]PNonmedical TOP = 55
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically controlled
IES

(3) Coyle et al. (2010) USA [22]
Note. This study was chosen over [32]; it had larger number of reported participants.
RNonmedical TOP 374 women; 198 men
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically controlled
PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version

(4) Davies et al. (2005), UK [79]PMedical TOP 30;
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

(5) van Emmerik et al. (2008), The Netherlands [66]PNonmedical TOP 67
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

(6) Hemmerling et al. (2005), Germany [67]P, INonmedical TOP 219
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

(7) Kelly et al. UK (2010) [68]P, INonmedical TOP 122
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically controlled
IES

(8) Kersting et al. (2009), Germany [58]
Note. This study was chosen over [41] because of a higher quality rating and [42] because it reports more participants and relevant data.
P, L62 medical TOP; 43 preterm birth; 65 spontaneous delivery
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES-R

(9) Korenromp et al. (2005a), The Netherlands [59]
Note. This study was chosen over [43] because of higher quality rating.
RMedical TOP 196
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

(10) Korenromp et al. (2007), The Netherlands [60]
Note. This study was chosen over [44] because of a larger sample.
P, LMedical TOP 217 women; 169 men
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

(11) Layer et al. (2004), USA [69]P, INonmedical TOP 35
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

(12) Major et al. (2000), USA [23]
Notes. This study was chosen over [45] because it reported more data.
P, LNonmedical TOP 442
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled for PTSD
Adapted PTSD measure-using DSM-III-R-used with Vietnam War veterans

(13) Mufel et al. (2002), Belarus, USA [61]
Note. This study was chosen over  [475 ] because of a higher quality rating.
RNonmedical TOP 150
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES-R

(14) Pope et al. (2001), USA [70]PNonmedical TOP 96
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled for PTS
IES

(15) Rousset et al. (2012), France [71] P, INonmedical TOP 70
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES-R

(16) Rue et al. (2004), USA [72]RNonmedical TOP 331 Russian women; 217 American women
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
Institute of Pregnancy Loss questionnaire-including criteria for PTSD on DSM-IV

(17) Slade et al. (1998), UK [73]P, INonmedical TOP 275
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled for PTS
IES

(18) Suliman et al. (2007), South Africa [74]P, INonmedical TOP 151
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically controlled
Clinician-administered PTSD scale (CAPS-I)

(19) Trybulski (2006), USA [75]QNonmedical TOP 16 Qualitative interview.

(20) Walters and Oakley (2002), UK [76]CSNonmedical TOP 1
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
The Post-Traumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale

(b) TOP and miscarriage/perinatal loss/neonatal death

(21) Broen et al. (2005b), Norway [53]
Note. This study was chosen over [31]; it has a higher quality rating/longer follow-up time [30].
P, L40 miscarriages; 80 Nonmedical TOP
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically controlled
IES

(22) Canário et al. (2011), Portugal [77]PNonmedical TOP (30); medical TOP (10); miscarriage (10).
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES-R

(23) Cowchock et al. (2011), USA [78]P7 medical TOP, 8 miscarriages
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

(24) Fernandez et al. (2011), Canada [80]Q2 medical TOP; 5 miscarriages Qualitative interviews

(25) Hamama et al. (2010), USA [55]
Note. This study was chosen over [46] because of more relevant PTSD data.
P405 prior pregnancies; 221 prior nonmedical TOP; 206 miscarriages; 22 reported both
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
Interview (National Women’s Study PTSD Module (NWS-PTSD)).

(26) Kroth et al. (2004), USA [81]RMedical TOP, miscarriage, perinatal loss, and neonatal death 37 women
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

(27) Salvesen et al. (1997), Norway [82]P24 medical TOP, 29 perinatal losses/neonatal deaths
Prereproductive loss mental health parameters statistically not controlled
IES

Notes: CS = case study; I = intervention design; IES = Impact of Event Scale; IES-R = Revised; L = longitudinal; P = prospective; Q = qualitative; R = retrospective.