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Journal of Pregnancy
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4758017, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4758017
Research Article

Acceptability and Preferences among Men and Women for Male Involvement in Antenatal Care

1Witkoppen Health and Welfare Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa
2Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
3Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Sheree R. Schwartz; ude.uhj@ztrawhcss

Received 23 June 2016; Accepted 25 December 2016; Published 24 January 2017

Academic Editor: Keith A. Eddleman

Copyright © 2017 Nompumelelo Yende et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Male involvement in antenatal care (ANC) has been associated with improved prevention of mother-to-child transmission outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa; yet it remains uncommon. We assess acceptability of male involvement from the male and female perspectives and potential incentives for men to attend ANC. Methods. Adult pregnant women and men attending primary healthcare at Witkoppen Health and Welfare Centre in Johannesburg, South Africa, from October 2013 to January 2014, were recruited using stratified random sampling to ensure equal representation across gender and HIV status. Results. 300/332 individuals (93.8%) offered participation consented. Among the 150 women, 97% had a partner; the majority (92%) preferred partner attendance at ANC, and 14% reported partner attendance during this pregnancy. The 150 men had low knowledge of services rendered at ANC outside of pregnancy monitoring, and few (19%) had previously attended ANC. Blood pressure screening, fatherhood information, and HIV testing were identified by men as incentives for attendance. Women and men expressed high willingness to, respectively, deliver (95%) and respond (97%) to ANC letter invitations. Conclusion. Invitation letters to promote male involvement in ANC are highly acceptable to pregnant women and men. Focusing invitation messages on fatherhood and primary healthcare rather than HIV testing may provide greater motivation for male involvement.