Journal of Pregnancy / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Prediction of Preterm Birth: Maternal Characteristics, Ultrasound Markers, and Biomarkers: An Updated Overview

Table 1

Risk factors for preterm birth (adopted from Koulali and Frey) [5, 6].

Maternal characteristics

Family history of preterm birth

Low socio-economic status

Low educational attainment

Maternal age (low and high)

Ethnicity

Stress

Depression

Tobacco use

Low body mass index

Infections (genitourinary or extra genital)

Periodontal disease

Uterine anomalies

History of cervical excisional procedures/surgery (LEEP/conization)

Reproductive history

Prior preterm birth

Prior stillbirth/ Pregnancy loss >16 weeks GA

Induced abortion

Cervical insufficiency

Current pregnancy characteristics

Vaginal bleeding

Use of assisted reproductive technologies

Multiple gestation

Polyhydramnios

Short cervical length

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