Journal of Pregnancy / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Magnitude and Determinants of Perinatal Mortality in Southwest Ethiopia

Table 2

Determinants of perinatal mortality in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia.

VariablesPerinatal mortalityCrude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Cases () (%)Controls ()
(%)

Place of residence
 Rural102 (85.0)268 (74.4)1.001.00
 Urban18 (15.0)92 (25.6)0.51 (0.30, 0.90)0.92 (0.39, 2.18)
Age of mother
 < 20 years4 (3.3)15 (4.2)1.001.00
 ≥ 20 years116 (96.7)345 (95.8)1.27 (0.41, 3.88)1.75 (0.49, 6.21)
Maternal education
 No formal education74 (61.7)190 (52.8)1.001.00
 Primary (grades 1-8)39 (32.5)139 (38.6)0.72 (0.46, 1.12)0.92 (0.54, 6.21)
 Secondary or above (≥9th)7 (5.8)31 (8.6)0.58 (0.25, 1.37)1.23 (0.40, 3.81)
Wealth index (tertiles)
 Poorest55 (45.8)143 (39.7)1.001.00
 Middle28 (23.4)66 (18.4)1.10 (0.64, 1.90)1.28 (0.68, 2.41)
 Richest37 (30.8)151 (41.9)0.64 (0.40, 1.03)0.84 (0.48, 1.47)
Distance from health facility
 ≤ 2 hours10 (8.3)59 (16.4)1.001.00
 > 2 hours110 (91.7)301 (83.6)2.16 (1.07, 4.36)1.43 (0.50, 4.14)
ANC visit
 No ANC at all51 (42.5)88 (24.4)1.001.00
 1-3 visits45 (37.5)154 (42.8)0.50 (0.31, 0.81)0.50 (0.29, 0.86)
 4 or more visits24 (20.0)118 (32.8)0.35 (0.20, 0.61)0.46 (0.23, 0.91)
Knowledge of danger signs
 Poor knowledge115 (95.8)294 (81.7)1.001.00
 Good knowledge5 (4.2)66 (18.3)0.67 (0.43, 1.06)0.27 (0.10, 0.75)
Birth attendant
 Nonskilled attendant90 (75.0)204 (56.7)1.001.00
 Skilled birth attendant30 (25.0)156 (43.3)0.44 (0.27, 0.69)0.34 (0.19, 0.61)
Parity
 Primipara (1st birth)35 (29.2)61 (16.9)2.61 (1.56, 4.37)3.38 (1.90, 6.00)
 2-4 births51 (42.5)232 (64.4)1.001.00
 > 4 births34 (28.3)67 (18.6)2.31 (1.38, 3.85)1.83 (1.12, 3.14)
Type of birth
 Singleton109 (90.8)355 (98.6)1.001.00
 Twins11 (9.2)5 (1.4)7.17 (2.44, 21.07)5.29 (1.46, 19.21)
Previous history of perinatal mortality
 No107 (89.2)350 (97.2)1.001.00
 Yes13 (10.3)10 (2.8)4.25 (1.81, 9.97)3.33 (1.27, 8.72)
Complication during labor
 No77 (64.2)304 (84.4)1.001.00
 Yes43 (35.8)56 (15.6)3.03 (1.90, 4.85)4.27 (2.40, 7.59)

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