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Journal of Pathogens
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 239391, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/239391
Review Article

Yersinia enterocolitica: Epidemiological Studies and Outbreaks

1Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
2Applied Microbiology Department, Institute of Food Research and Product Development (IFRPD), Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10903, Thailand
3Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Panthumthani 121100, Thailand

Received 1 May 2011; Accepted 20 July 2011

Academic Editor: Latiful Bari

Copyright © 2011 Atiqur Rahman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Yersinia enterocolitica is the most common bacteriological cause of gastrointestinal disease in many developed and developing countries. Although contaminated food is the main source of human infection due to Y. enterocolitica, animal reservoir and contaminated environment are also considered as other possible infection sources for human in epidemiological studies. Molecular based epidemiological studies are found to be more efficient in investigating the occurrence of human pathogenic Y. enterocolitica in natural samples, in addition to conventional culture based studies.