Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Pathogens
Volume 2016, Article ID 2548517, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2548517
Research Article

Serotyping and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern of Escherichia coli Isolates from Urinary Tract Infections in Pediatric Population in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Department of Microbiology, PGIMER and Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi 110001, India

Received 4 October 2015; Revised 28 January 2016; Accepted 8 February 2016

Academic Editor: Hin-Chung Wong

Copyright © 2016 Shweta Sharma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Taneja, S. S. Chatterjee, M. Singh, S. Singh, and M. Sharma, “Pediatric urinary tract infections in a tertiary care center from north India,” Indian Journal of Medical Research, vol. 131, no. 1, pp. 101–105, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. J. Zorc, D. A. Kiddoo, and K. N. Shaw, “Diagnosis and management of pediatric urinary tract infections,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 417–422, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. J. Wiles, R. R. Kulesus, and M. A. Mulvey, “Origins and virulence mechanisms of uropathogenic Escherichia coli,” Experimental and Molecular Pathology, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 11–19, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. M. Abe, F. A. Salvador, I. N. Falsetti et al., “Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains may carry virulence properties of diarrhoeagenic E. coli,” FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 397–406, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Yamamoto, “Molecular epidemiology of uropathogenic Escherichia coli,” Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 68–73, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. F. Sahm, R. N. Master, and J. A. Karlowsky, “Common interpretative problems with susceptibility tests,” Microbiology Frontline, vol. 2, pp. 1–10, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  7. W. E. Stamm and S. R. Norrby, “Urinary tract infections: disease panorama and challenges,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 183, supplement 1, pp. S1–S4, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Quality Improvement. Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection, “Practice parameter: the diagnosis, treatment, and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in febrile infants and young children,” Pediatrics, vol. 103, no. 4, part 1, pp. 843–852, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  9. S. L. Chang and L. D. Shortliffe, “Pediatric urinary tract infections,” Pediatric Clinics of North America, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 379–400, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. W. Washington Jr., D. A. Stephen, M. J. William et al., “The Enterobacteriaceae,” in Koneman's Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology, W. Winn Jr., S. Allen, W. Janda et al., Eds., pp. 211–302, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 6th edition, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  11. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, “Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing; twenty third informational supplement,” vol. 33, no. 1, M100-S23, 2013.
  12. S. Fathollahi, R. Yousefi-Mashouf, M. T. Goodazi et al., “Typing of the uropathogenic E.coli strains using O-serotyping and detection of pap adhesion-encoding operon by polymerase chain reaction,” Iranian Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 77–81, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. N. Das, T. S. Chandrashekhar, H. S. Joshi, M. Gurung, N. Shrestha, and P. G. Shivananda, “Frequency and susceptibility profile of pathogens causing urinary tract infections at a tertiary care hospital in western Nepal,” Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 281–285, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Naseri and A. Alamdaran, “Urinary tract infection and predisposing factors in children,” Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 17, pp. 263–270, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  15. F. Aghamahdi, H. Hashemian, M. Shaflei, Z. Akbarian, M. R. Nejad, and M. F. Karkan, “Etiologies and antibiotic resistance patterns in infants with urinary tract infections hospitalized in children medical center, Rasht, Iran,” Iranian Journal of Neonatology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 21–25, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. H. Lomberg, L. A. Hanson, B. Jacobsson, U. Jodal, H. Leffler, and C. S. Edén, “Correlation of P blood group, vesicoureteral reflux, and bacterial attachment in patients with recurrent pyelonephritis,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 308, no. 20, pp. 1189–1192, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Akram, M. Shahid, and A. U. Khan, “Etiology and antibiotic resistance patterns of community-acquired urinary tract infections in JNMC Hospital Aligarh, India,” Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials, vol. 6, article 4, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Kaur, S. Sharma, S. Malhotra, P. Madan, and C. Hans, “Urinary tract infections: etiology and antimicrobial resistance pattern in infants from a tertiary care hospital in Northern India,” Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, vol. 8, no. 10, pp. DC01–DC03, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  19. S. Mohanty, R. Singhal, S. Sood, B. Dhawan, B. K. Das, and A. Kapil, “Comparative in vitro activity of beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations against Gram negative bacteria,” Indian Journal of Medical Research, vol. 122, no. 5, pp. 425–428, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Jadhav, A. Hussain, S. Devi et al., “Virulence characteristics and genetic affinities of multiple drug resistant uropathogenic Escherichia coli from a semi urban locality in India,” PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 3, Article ID e18063, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. Siegfried, M. Kmetova, H. Puzova, M. Molokacova, and J. Filka, “Virulence-associated factors in Escherichia coli strains isolated from children with urinary tract infections,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 127–132, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. Emamghorashi, S. Farshad, M. Kalani, S. Rajabi, and M. Hoseini, “The prevalence of O serogroups of Escherichia coli strains causing acute urinary tract infection in children in Iran,” Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 597–601, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Blanco, J. E. Blanco, M. P. Alonso, A. Mora, C. Balsalobre, and F. Muñoa, “Detection of pap, prs & afa adhesin-encoding operons in uropathogenic E. coli strains: relationship with expression of adhesions and production of toxin,” Research in Microbiology, vol. 148, pp. 745–755, 1997. View at Google Scholar