Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Pathogens
Volume 2016, Article ID 9601717, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9601717
Research Article

Prevalence of Tinea Capitis among School Children in Nok Community of Kaduna State, Nigeria

1Department of Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
2Department of Dermatophilosis, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria

Received 31 October 2015; Revised 28 March 2016; Accepted 17 April 2016

Academic Editor: Nongnuch Vanittanakom

Copyright © 2016 Josephine Dogo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In recent years, the prevalence of tinea capitis, an infection of the scalp by dermatophytes, has increased in children worldwide. This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factor of tinea capitis among school children in Nok community of Kaduna State, Nigeria. A total of 100 children were screened and 45% were diagnosed to have tinea capitis after fungal culture and microscopy. The prevalence of tinea capitis among girls was higher (51.4%) than that among boys (41.5%) but not significantly different (). The prevalence with respect to age was lower for the age group 5–10 years (42.6%) than that of 11–15 years (50%) but was not significantly different (). Trichophyton rubrum (28.8%) and Microsporum canis (22.7%) were the most prevalent dermatophytes isolated and the least were Trichophyton verrucosum (4.5%) and Trichophyton tonsurans (4.5%). There were 73.3% single infection while 26.7% had 2–4 dermatophytes of the genera Microsporum and Trichophyton. The predisposing factors with statistically significant association with tinea capitis were number of children in the family () and sharing of the same bed (). This indicates the high tendencies of spread of tinea capitis through human-to-human mode of transmission and possible animal contact. Community health education on the cause, mode of transmission, prevention, and prompt treatment of tinea capitis is recommended.