Table of Contents
Journal of Petroleum Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 594368, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/594368
Research Article

Rethinking Petroleum Products Certification

1Programa de Engenharia Química/COPPE, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 68502 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2Escola Politécnica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 68529 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
3Departamento de Engenharia Química/EQ, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 68542 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
4PETROBRAS Petróleo Brasileiro S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
5Faculdade de Tecnologia de Resende, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rodovia Presidente Dutra Km 298, Resende, RJ, Brazil
6Departamento de Engenharia Química, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 23 August 2013; Accepted 12 October 2013

Academic Editor: Alireza Bahadori

Copyright © 2013 Thiago Feital et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Facing various challenges in the everchanging refining landscape, it is essential that refiners raise their operations to new levels of performance. Advances in in-line blending (ILB) technology accuracy and reliability have encouraged refiners to take a step forward. Having ILB as a precursor, a new methodology is in concern: the so-called in-line certification (ILC) procedure. Blending processes make use of in-line measurements which, at least in principle, can be used to certificate the product, if the precision and accuracy of available in-line measurements are comparable to measurements provided by standard off-line tests. Such procedure may allow for significant reduction in refinery’s tank farming and product inventory, increase of process flexibility, and reliability with benefits to company image. The main limitations for real-world ILC applications in the oil industry remain at the legal and technological levels. This paper proposes novel concepts and foundations of a basic in-line certification model for petroleum products regarding current interdisciplinary challenges and promising solutions.