Table of Contents
Journal of Petroleum Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 956479, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/956479
Research Article

Production of Biodiesel (B100) from Jatropha Oil Using Sodium Hydroxide as Catalyst

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Niger State, Minna 920262, Nigeria

Received 17 September 2012; Accepted 24 November 2012

Academic Editor: Alireza Bahadori

Copyright © 2013 Joshua Folaranmi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This research work is about the production of biodiesel from jatropha oil. Other oils can also be used for the production, but jatropha was chosen because it is not edible therefore, it will not pose a problem to humans in terms of food competition. Before the transesterification process was carried out, some basic tests such as free fatty acid content, iodine value, and moisture content were carried out. This was done so as to ascertain quality yield of the biodiesel after the reaction. The production of the biodiesel was done with standard materials and under standard conditions which made the production a hitch-free one. The jatropha oil was heated to 60°C, and a solution of sodium methoxide (at 60°C) was added to the oil and stirred for 45 minutes using a magnetic stirrer. The mixture was then left to settle for 24 hours. Glycerin, which is the byproduct, was filtered off. The biodiesel was then thoroughly washed to ensure that it was free from excess methanol and soap. The characterization was done at NNPC Kaduna refinery and petrochemicals. The result shows that the product meets the set standard for biodiesel.